How Sugar Changed the World


510 BC {India}

510 BC

Persian Emperor Darius I invaded India and discovered sugar cane

326 BC {Pakistan}

326 BC

Alexander the Great decides to explore the coast of India with his good friend Nearchus

100 AD {India}

100 AD

A sugar mill description is found in texts from 100 AD.

200 AD {China}

200 AD

Polynesian seafarers visit China and spread their knowledge of sugar cane. There, it’s refined into sugar crystals.

400-570 AD {Iran}

400 AD - 570 AD

Jundi Shapur, the great university, was built. It helped spread the idea and knowledge of sugar.

600 AD {Iran}

600 AD

Doctors at Jundi Shapur started writing about shaker (sugar), a medicine from India.

642 AD {Middle East}

642 AD

Armies of Muslim conquerers had spread the religion through Syria, Iraq, some of Iran, and Egypt.

1095 AD {Europe}

1095 AD

Pope Urban II told European Christians to take back the sacred lands in the Middle East that they thought were the Garden of Eden, etc.

1100 AD {Hawaii}

1100 AD

Polynesian Seafarers who sail around islands reach Hawaii and show them sugar canes they carry with them.

1100 AD {Europe}

1100 AD

Wealthiest Europeans started adding flavor to their food via spices.

1150 AD {Europe}

1150 AD

The Champagne fairs became the place to buy, sell, and trade items that one wouldn’t usually find in Europe.

1500 AD {Brazil}

1500 AD

First European boat reaches Brazil while trying to reach Asia

1768 AD {Africa}

1768 AD

By now, 53,100 slaves were being taken from Africa every year.

1786 AD {England}

1786 AD

Thomas Clarkson publishes his famous essay telling of the horrors of slavery.

1794 AD {France}

1794 AD

Slavery becomes illegal in sugar colonies owned by the French.

1830 AD {England}

1830 AD

England makes slavery illegal.