"Following the French Revolution, Napoléon recognized that a more stable state-church relationship was in order. On July 15-16, 1801, he concluded a concordat with Pope Pius VII. It recognized that most Frenchmen were Roman Catholic and granted them freedom of worship. The incumbent bishoprics were to resign and were to be replaced by those whom Napoléon, as first consul, would appoint. The secularized church property was to remain in the hands of the government and the government was to support the clergy. The concordat had the effect of neutralizing the antirevolutionary priests who had encouraged peasant unrest."