Haitian Revolution Timeline

Main

Spain brought 15,000 African slaves to island of Hispaniola

1517

France establishes claim on parts of Hispaniola

1640

Treaty of Ryswick

September 20, 1697

Spain cedes western third of Hispaniola to France

American Declaration of Independence

1772

Haitian Revolution

1789 - 1804

Slave uprising begins

French Revolution Begins

1789

Failed Mackandal Rebellion

1791

Boukman Rebellion

1793

Voodoo Ceremony

Sonthonax's decree of Emancipation

June 20, 1793

Toussaint Louverture joins French troops to fight the British and Spanish

1794

Napoleon takes power in France

November 9, 1799

Napoleon sends Leclerc to Saint-Domingue with thousands of troops

1801

Possibly 40,000

Toussaint issues constitution

February 4, 1801

Officially establishing his authority over entire island of Hispaniola

Napoleon re-establishes slavery in French colonies

May 20, 1802

Toussaint is deceived and imprisoned

June 6, 1802

Toussant dies in jail in French Alps

April 8, 1803

Battle of Vertieres, final defeat of the French troops by Dessalines and Petion

November 18, 1803

Haitian proclamation of Independence

January 1, 1804

Dessalines proclaims himself Emperor of Haiti

October 8, 1804

Dessalines assassinated

October 17, 1806

Christophe becomes president of Haiti

February 17, 1807

Haiti invades Spanish side of Hispaniola and ends slavery there

1822