UCOR Timeline

Empires/Dynasties

Ottoman Empire

1300 - 1922

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Portuguese Trading Empire

1505 - 1600

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1707

Russian Empirical Expansion

1598 - 1795

Expansion into Siberia.

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912

Tokugawa Shogunate

1650 - 1850

Exploration, Colonization, and Trade

Spanish Takeover of Philippine Islands begins

1565

Silver Drain

1570

During this decade, Chinese trade blossomed as they became a major consumer of Silver, willing to sell products at a reduced price for the metal.

British & Dutch East India Trading Companies commence trade in Indian Ocean

1600

Religious Turmoil

Martin Luther

November 10, 1483 - February 18, 1546

Posting of 95 Theses

1517

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Beginning of Catholic Counter Reformation

Jesuit Presence in China

1550 - 1800

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab

1703 - 1792

Wahhabi movement gains life

1740

With the backing of political figure Muhammad Ibn Saud, the movement was able to grow exponentially in power.

Figures of the Scientific Revolution

Copernicus

1473 - 1543

Published "On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres", proposing the earth rotates around the sun.

Francis Bacon

1561 - 1626

Father of the Scientific Method.

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Johannes Kepler

1591 - 1630

Isaac Newton

1642 - 1727

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

Viva la Revolucion(es)!

The North American Revolution

1775 - 1787

American Declaration of Independence

4 July 1776

British Recognition of American Independence

1783

US Constitutional Convention

1787

The French Revolution

1789 - 1815

The Haitian Revolution

1791 - 1804

Spanish American Revolutions

1810 - 1825

Over these years, most of S. America threw off its European ties, resulting in the creation of many new independent states.

Independence of Brazil from Portugal

1822

Russian Revolution of 1905

1905

Although brutally suppressed, it still forced the tsar to make substantial reforms withing the government and economics.

Rebellion against Porfirio Diaz

1910 - 1920

Russian Revolution of 1917

1917

Led to the Bolsheviks taking power under the leadership of Lenin.

Independence of India from Britain

1947

Led by nationalist and spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi

Industrial Revolutions

British Royal Society Established

1660

An association of "Natural Philosophers", concerned with promoting "useful knowledge".

Britain Establishes Religious Toleration

1688

This allowed scientists of any faith to come and contribute.

Industrial Revolution (as a time period)

1750 - 1914

James Watt's Steam Engine Patented

1775

Reform Bill of 1832

1832

Due to the creation of a "middle class" by the Industrial Revolution, this bill broadened the right to vote to many men withing this new class.

Abolition Movements

The United States in Congress Assembled passed the Northwest Ordinance of 1787

1787

Outlawing any new slavery in the Northwest Territories

Britain forbids the sale of slaves

1807

Britain emancipates remaining slaves

1834

American Civil War

1861 - 1865

U.S. Abolishes slavery

December 1865

Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution passed.

Brazil last last Latin American Country to abolish slavery

1888

WWI

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

28 June 1914

"A Serbian killed an Austrian Bosnia"

WWI

28 July 1914 - 11 November 1918

End date is date of Armistice

US Enters War

6 April 1917

Date of Woodrow Wilson's Speech "Fourteen Points"

8 January 1918
  1. Reliance on open diplomacy rather than secret agreements
  2. Freedom of the seas
  3. Free trade
  4. Reduce the military forces and/or weapons
  5. Readjust the colonies fairly
  6. The allowance for Russia to self-determine its own government
  7. Respect for Belgium's Integrity
  8. Restoration of French Territory
  9. Italy receives territory based upon ethnicity
  10. Austria-Hungary receives fair development opportunities
  11. Independence for the Balkan states
  12. Self-determination for the peoples of the Ottoman Empire and free passage through the Dardanelles
  13. Independence for Poland
  14. The formation of a League of Nations to guarantee independence for all countries, large and small

Armistice

11 November 1918

Treaty of Versailles

28 June 1919

World Organizations

Triple Entente

31 August 1907 - 11 November 1918

Original Members:

Britain
France
Russia

Central Powers (WWI)

1914 - 1918

Original Members:

German Empire
Ottoman Empire
Austria-Hungarian Empire

League Of Nations

1919 - 1946

Suggested by Woodrow Wilson, America actually refuses to join when established.

Allied Powers

1 September 1939 - 14 August 1945

Original Members:

France
Poland
United Kingdom

Later Major Players were:

U.S.A.
Great Britain
Soviet Union

Axis Powers

1 September 1939 - 14 August 1945

Original Members:

Germany
Italy
Japan

UN

26 June 1945 - Present

NATO

4 April 1949 - Present

The Great Depression

The Great Depression

24 October 1929 - 1940

Black Tuesday

29 October 1929

Roosevelt's "New Deal"

1933 - 1942

Major increase on public spending (dams, highways, bridges, parks, etc.)

WWII

WWII

1 September 1939 - 14 August 1945

Germany Invades Poland

1 September 1939

Utilized modified Schlieffen Plan

Attack on Pearl Harbor

7 December 1941

US Enters War

8 December 1941

Germany surrenders unconditionally to the Allies

7 May 1945

Occurred at the Western Allied Headquarters in Rheims, France at 2:41 a.m. In accordance with orders from Reich President Karl Dönitz, General Alfred Jodl signs for Germany.

Bombing of Hiroshima

6 August 1945

Bombing of Nagasaki

9 August 1945

Japan Surrenders

15 August 1945

Emperor Hirohito issues a radio broadcast announcing Japan's surrender.

Other Notable Events of the Century

Mahatma Ghandi

2 October 1869 - 30 January 1948

Leader of the Peaceful Rebellion in India

Russian Revolution

1917

The Bolsheviks, headed by Lenin, take power.

Nelson Mandela

18 July 1918 - Present

Chinese Revolution

1921 - 1949

After years of struggle, the Chinese Communist Party led by Mao Zedong emerges victorious as the rulers of China.

The Cold War

1947 - 1991

Osama bin Laden

10 March 1957 - 2 May 2011

Islamic Renewal

1959 - Present

The ideas of "Jihad" as it is known today emerged; Many government radicalized their policies; Islamic people began to flood the professional world in an attempt to better their lives.

Bay of Pigs

17 April 1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 1962

9/11

11 September 2001

Most Significant Terror Attacks on US soil, orchestrated by bin Laden & al-Qaeda.

Middle Eastern US Military Campaigns

20 March 2003 - Present

Includes Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom, and myriad other conflicts throughout the Middle East.