History Timeline

Main

Marcus Aurelius

121 - 180

Emperor Constantine the Great

280 - 337

Pope Sylvester I

314 - 335

Saint Jerome

340 - 420

Aurelius Augustine

354 - 430

Proclus

410 - 485

Saint Benedict

480 - 543

Muhammad

570 - 632

caliph Omar

581 - 644

Prince Shotoku

593 - 622

Venerable Bede

673 - 735

nun-empress Koken

718 - 770

English Monk Acuin

732 - 804

Smallpox epidemic

735 - 737

Charlemagne

742 - 814

Al-Kindi

813 - 873

Ibn al-Haytham

956 - 1039

Sung Renaissance

960 - 1127

Ise Monogatari

980

Avicenna

980 - 1037

Al-Biruni

1050

Yeh Menh-Te

1077 - 1148

Peter the Venerable

1092 - 1156

History of the Kings of Britain

1150

Emperor Frederick II

1194 - 1250

Kublai Khan

1216 - 1295

Roger Bacon

1220 - 1292

Saint Thomas Aquinas

1225 - 1274

Mongol's Yuan dynasty

1260 - 1368

Summa Theologiae

1267 - 1273

Birth of Guillaume de Machaut, French musician and poet.

1300

Francesco Petrarch

1304 - 1374

Petrarch

1304 - 1374

Latin was used by Bartolus

1314 - 1357

Charles IV

1316 - 1378

John Wycliffe

1330 - 1384

Ibn Khaldun

1332 - 1406

Black Death

1348

Ming

1368 - 1644

New Ming dynasty

1368 - 1644

The Council of Venice had to pass a law to protect its printers of cards.

1377

Printed playing cards became known in Germany and Spain

1377

Johann Gutenberg

1394 - 1468

Toscanelli

1397 - 1482

Nicholas V

1397 - 1455

Lorenzo Valla

1407 - 1457

Pope Alexander V died suddenly in Bologna

1410

King Henry V came to the throne on March 21.

1413

King Sejong the Great

1419 - 1450

Vespasiano da Bisticci

1421 - 1498

William Caxton

1422 - 1491

Marsilio Ficino

1433 - 1499

They came up with a new Han'gul of twenty-five letters.

1446

Aldus Manutius

1450 - 1515

Juan Rodriguez de Fonseca

1451 - 1524

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Gutenberg's Bible was printed with movable type and came off the press in Mainz.

1454

Schoffer had testified against Gutenberg in trial.

1455

Johann Reachlin

1455 - 1522

Latin Psalter

1457

Catholican

1460

Thomas Linacre

1460 - 1524

Johann Froben

1460 - 1527

Pico della Mirandola

1463 - 1494

Erasmus

1466 - 1536

Erasmus

1466 - 1536

Pope Paul III

1468 - 1549

Martin Fernandez de Enciso

1470 - 1528

Nicolaus Copernicus was born

1473

Nicolaus Copernicus

1473 - 1543

Bartolome de Las Casas

1474 - 1566

Recuyell of the Historyes of Troy

1475

Michelangelo

1475 - 1564

The Game and Playe of Chesse

1476

Sebastian Cabot

1476 - 1557

Vocabolario Italiano-Teutonico

1477

Dictes and Sayenges of the Phylosophers

1477

English-French Vocabulary

1480

Ferdinand Magellan

1480 - 1521

The satires of Rabelais

1483 - 1553

Luther

1483 - 1546

Joachim Vadianus

1484 - 1551

Physica of Albertus Magnus was printed in Venice.

1488

Otto Brunfels

1489 - 1534

Antonio Pigafetta

1491 - 1534

Paracelsus

1493 - 1541

Anthologia Graeca was printed in Venice.

1494

Melanchthon

1497 - 1560

Hieronymus Bock

1498 - 1554

Andreas Osiander

1498 - 1552

Leonhart Fuchs

1501 - 1566

Pierandrea Mattioli

1501 - 1577

Pedro Nunes

1502 - 1578

Robert Estienne

1503 - 1559

Johannes Oporinus

1507 - 1568

Johannes Sturm

1507 - 1589

Calvin

1509 - 1564

Realdo Colombo

1510 - 1559

John Caius (pronounced "Keys")

1510 - 1573

Erasmus Reinhold

1511 - 1553

Gerardus Mercator

1512 - 1594

Andreas Vesalius

1514 - 1564

George Joachim

1514 - 1574

Konrad Gesner

1516 - 1565

Charles V announced his support for Magellan

1518

Andrea Cesalpino

1519 - 1603

The determined Magellan departed.

1519

paul III was not ordained a priest until this time.

1519

Martin Luther set about translating the Bible.

1522 - 1534

Joachim du Bellay

1522 - 1560

Gabriello Fallopio

1523 - 1562

Pierre de Ronsard

1524 - 1585

In Venice came the first printed Greek edition of Galen.

1525

Froben died suddenly in October

1527

St. John's Day, June, 24

1527

Abraham Ortelius

1527 - 1598

Living Portraits of Plants (Herbarum Vivae Eicones)

1530

Jean Bodin

1530 - 1596

The essays of Montaigne

1533 - 1592

Fabricius ab Aquapendente

1533 - 1619

Cosimo de' Medici exercised a special censorship.

1537 - 1574

Basel

1538

Villers-Cotterets

1539

Leonardo Salviati

1540 - 1589

Rheticus' First Report required a second edition.

1541

Cardinal Robert Bellarmine

1542 - 1621

Copernicus' De Revolutionibus

1543

De Revolutionibus

1543

Mercator was caught in a roundup of suspected Lutherans.

1544

William Gilbert

1544 - 1603

Tycho Brahe

1546 - 1601

Simon Stevin

1548 - 1620

Giordano Bruno

1548 - 1600

The Defense and Illustration of the French Language

1549

John Napier

1550 - 1617

Paolo Sarpi

1552 - 1623

Christianismi Restitutio

1553

Mercator's great map of Europe.

1554

Santorio

1561 - 1636

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Las Casas died at the age of ninety-two

1566

Steven was appointed tutor to Maurice of Nassau.

1567 - 1625

The first modern atlas, came off Plantin's Antwerp press on May 20.

1570

Johannes Kepler

1571 - 1630

St. Bartholomew's Day

1572

John Faber

1574 - 1629

Christopher Schreiner

1575 - 1650

Charles de Lecluse designated on species as Convolvulus folio Altheae.

1576

Jan Baptista van Helmont

1577 - 1644

Sir Francis Drake's voyage around the world

1577 - 1580

William Harvey

1578 - 1657

Dutch navigator Willem Schouten

1580 - 1625

james Ussher

1581 - 1656

On the Shadows of Ideas, Circe

1582

Hugo Grotius

1583 - 1645

Pierre Vernier

1584 - 1638

The Tenth

1585

Marin Mersenne

1588 - 1648

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

Zacharias Jansen

1588 - 1631

The Art of Fortification.

1594

Descartes

1596 - 1650

Mysterium Cosmographicum

1596

"Imperial printings" of Chinese classics.

1597 - 1603

In a Padua ordinance required a public funeral for every dissected body.

1597

Ben Jonson's Every Man in his Humour.

1598

Ortelius' death

1598

Gabriel Naude

1600 - 1653

William Gilbert published his epoch-making work on magnetism.

1600

Progymnasmata

1602

Abel Tasman

1603 - 1659

Italian master composer Claudio Monteverdi writes the opera Orfeo.

1607

The word "decimal" was first introduced in the English translation.

1608

Steven wrote a book on astronomy

1608

Giovanni Alfonso Borelli

1608 - 1679

John Milton

1608 - 1674

A telescope was seen at the Frankfurt fair.

1609

German Illustrator George Margraf

1610 - 1644

Johannes Hevelius

1611 - 1687

William Gascoigne

1612 - 1644

Henry Oldenburg

1617 - 1677

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Gabriel Mouton

1618 - 1694

Robert Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy

1621

Galileo went to Rome to pay his respects to the newly enthroned Pope Urban VIII.

1624

John Collins

1625 - 1683

Francesco Redi

1626 - 1697

John Ray

1627 - 1705

Robert Boyle

1627 - 1691

Marcello Malpighi

1628 - 1694

Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek

1632 - 1723

Galileo's Dialogue became published in in Florence on February 21.

1632

The first recorded use of the word "thermometer"

1633

Francis Willughby

1635 - 1672

The telescope was actually being used to direct artillery ion battle.

1635

Robert Hooke

1635 - 1703

Jan Swammerdam

1637 - 1680

Nicolaus Steno

1638 - 1686

Martin Lister

1639 - 1712

Nehemiah Grew

1641 - 1712

Eustachio Divini

1641 - 1673

Sir Isaac Newton

1642 - 1727

Isaan Newton

1642 - 1727

Seki Kowa

1642 - 1708

Galileo died on January 8, a month before his seventy-eight birthday.

1642

Areopagitica

1644

John Flamsteed

1646 - 1719

Leibniz

1646 - 1716

No record of paper money appear until and issue in Sweden.

1648

Edward Tyson

1651 - 1708

Montmor Academy's constitution.

1657

History of four-footed Beast, Serpents, and Insects.

1658

The Act of Uniformity, passed by Charles II's Parliament.

1662

Rudolph Jacob Camerarius

1665 - 1721

History of the Royal Society

1667

Giambattista Vico

1668 - 1744

Herman Boerhaave

1668 - 1738

Sebastien Vaillant

1669 - 1722

Matthew Locke composes Psyche, the first surviving English opera.

1675

The Virtuoso

1676

Anatomy of a Porpess

1680

Methodus Plantarum

1682

A fire consumed Malpighi's house

1684

Historia Plantarum (3 vols.)

1686 - 1704

Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica

1687

Lord Anson

1697 - 1762

The King of Prussia had founded the Berlin Academy.

1700

A New English Dictionary

1702

Comte de Buffon

1707 - 1788

Carolus Linnaeus

1707 - 1778

Bartolomeo Cristofori invents the piano.

1709

Leibniz died

1716

James Lind

1716 - 1794

Edmond Halley invents the diving bell.

1717

Johann Joachim Wincklmann

1717 - 1768

Jean le Rone d'Alembert

1717 - 1783

Dictionary of Eleven Languages

1718

French C. Hopffer patents the fire extinguisher.

1722

Frederick Hasselquit

1722 - 1752

Baron d'Holbach

1723 - 1789

Baron d'Holbach

1723 - 1789

Pehr Osbeck

1723 - 1805

Gabriel Fahrenheit invents the first mercury thermometer.

1724

James Cook

1728 - 1779

Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica english translation.

1729

Reinhold Forster

1729 - 1798

Erasmus Darwin

1731 - 1802

William Cowper

1731 - 1800

John Kay invents the flying shuttle.

1733

Amsterdam

1734 - 1738

System of Nature

1735

Systema Naturae (leyden)

1735

Daniela Solander

1736 - 1782

Alexander Dalrymple

1737 - 1808

Horace-Benedict de Saussure

1740 - 1799

Carl Peter Thunberg

1743 - 1828

Sir Joseph Banks

1743 - 1820

Revernd Samuel Goodenough

1743 - 1827

Thomas Jefferson

1743 - 1826

Lamarck

1744 - 1829

Anders Sparrman

1748 - 1820

Histoire Naturelle

1749 - 1785

Discours sur le Style

1753

Species Plantarum

1753

James Lind published his findings.

1753

Talleyrand

1754 - 1838

James Cook volunteered as an able seaman in the Royal Navy.

1755

Iter Palaestinum

1757

Noah Webster

1758 - 1843

Systema Naturae

1758 - 1759

The publication of Winckelmann's History of Ancient Art.

1764

Thomas Robert malthus

1766 - 1834

William Hyde Wollaston

1766 - 1828

Joseph Priestley invents carbonated water - soda water.

1767

James Cook was promoted to the commissioned rank of lieutenant.

1768

James Watt invents an improved steam engine.

1769

Muhannad' Ali

1769 - 1849

Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire

1772 - 1844

David Bushnell invents a submarine.

1776

Humphry Davy

1778 - 1829

Lord Campbell

1779 - 1861

James H. Frere

1779 - 1866

American Spelling Book appeared.

1783

Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro premieres in Vienna.

1786

Benjamin Haydon

1786 - 1846

The Botanic Garden

1789

Michael Faraday

1791 - 1867

John Steven Henslow

1796 - 1861

Sir Anthony Panizzi

1797 - 1879

Lyell

1797 - 1875

An Essay on the Principles of Population

1798

Ferdinand Keller

1800 - 1881

The word "tourist" entered the English Language.

1800

Gustav Fechner

1801 - 1887

Robert Chambers

1802 - 1871

German philosopher Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach was born.

1804

Augustus De Morgan

1806 - 1871

Louis Braille

1809 - 1852

Karl Mark

1818 - 1883

Thomsen opened his museum to the public

1819

Friedrich Engles

1820 - 1895

Heinrich Schliemann

1822 - 1890

Louis Pasteur

1822 - 1895

Alfred Russel Wallace

1823 - 1913

German philosopher Friedrich Hegel died in Berlin during a cholera epidemic.

1831

Notre-Dame de Paris

1831

Edward Burnett Tylor

1832 - 1917

Alfred Nobel

1833 - 1896

Andrew Carnegie

1835 - 1919

The business depression began.

1837

James A.H. Murray

1837 - 1915

The New York Philharmonic is established.

1839

Expeditions the Antartic

1839 - 1843

William James

1842 - 1910

Herman Ebbingaus

1850 - 1909

Verdi's Rigoletto debuts in Venice.

1851

On the Origin of Civilization

1855

The Renaissance

1855

Sigmund Freud

1856 - 1939

Franz Boas

1858 - 1942

Darwin's Origin of Species

1859

The Civil War broke out.

1861

Pierre Duhem

1861 - 1916

Lyell's Antiquity of Man

1863

The Turkish government gave permission to print the Koran, but only in Arabic.

1874

Carl Jung

1875 - 1961

In December Schliemann found the first of five shaft graves.

1876

What is an Index?

1878

Darwin died and was buried in Westminister Abbey.

1882

Carnegie Hall opens in New York.

1891

Sepulveda's classic attack on humanity of the Indians was finally printed.

1892

The Wonderful Century

1898

The interpretation of Dreams

1900

Mahler's Fourth Symphony, his most popular, debuts in Munich.

1901

Mars and It's Canals

1906

Is Mars Habitable?

1907

Pan Ku

32 - 92

Electric guitars debut.

1936

45 rpm records are sold in the U.S.

1949

Frank Sinatra wins his first Grammy Award -- Best Album for Come Dance with Me.

1959

the Double Helix

1968