HIST 310: The Sixities

Chap 25

Main

Cuban Revolution

1959

Young Americans for Freedom founded

1960

Greensboro, N.C., sit-in

1960

Alliance of Progress

1961

Bay of Pigs

1961

Hoping to inspire a revolt against Fidel Castro, the CIA sent 1,500 Cuban exiles to invade their homeland on April 17, 1961, but the mission was a spectacular failure.

Freedom Rides

1961

Bus Journeys challenging racial segregation in the South in 1961

University of Mississippi integrated

1962

Rachel Carson's Silent Spring

1962

Cuban missile crisis

1962

Caused when the US discovered Soviet offensive missile sites in Cuba in October 1962; the U.S.-Soviet confrontation was the Cold War's closest brush with nuclear.

SDS issues the Port Huron Statement

1962

The Port Huron Statement devoted four-fifths of its text to criticism of institutions ranging from political parties to corporations, unions, and the military-industrial complex. But what made the document the guiding spirit of a new radicalism was the remainder, which offered a new vision of social change.

Betty Friedman's The Feminine Mystique

1963

A publication by Betty Friedan that focused attention on the reality facing suburban women

Medgar Evers killed

1963

King's "Letter from a Birmingham Jail"

1963

Kennedy assassinated

1963

March on Washington

1963

On August 28, 1963, 250,000 black and white Americans converged on the nation's capital for the March on Washington, often considered the high point of the nonviolent civil rights movement.

Civil Rights Act passed

1964

outlawed discrimination in public accommodations and employment.

Free Speech movement at Berkeley

1964

Freedom Summer

1964

Gulf of Tonkin resolution

1964

Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, authorizing the president to take “all necessary measures to repel armed attack” in Vietnam

Hart-Celler

1965

Eliminated the national origins quota system for immigration established by laws in 1921 and 1924; led to radical change in the origins of immigrants to the United States, with Asians and Latin Americans outnumbering Europeans.

Voting Rights Act

1965

passed in the wake of Martin Luther King Jr.'s, Selma to Montgomery March, it authorized federal protection of the right to vote and permitted federal enforcement of minority voting rights in individual counties, mostly in the South.

Griswold v. Connecticut

1965

Watts riots

1965

Immigration Reform Act

1965

Great Society

1965 - 1967

Term coined by President Lyndon B. Johnson in his 1965 State of the Union address, in which he proposed legislation to address problems of voting rights, poverty, diseases, education, immigration, and the environment.

National Organization for Women organized

1966

Tet offensive

1968

MLK Jr. assassinated

1968

Robert Kennedy assassinated

1968

Robert Nixon elected president

1968

American Indian Movement founded

1968

Police raid on Stonewall Bar

1969

Woodstock festival

1969

Roe v. Wade

1973