Bus Journeys challenging racial segregation in the South in 1961
Bay of Pigs
Hoping to inspire a revolt against Fidel Castro, the CIA sent 1,500 Cuban exiles to invade their homeland on April 17, 1961, but the mission was a spectacular failure.
Alliance of Progress
SDS issues the Port Huron Statement
The Port Huron Statement devoted four-fifths of its text to criticism of institutions ranging from political parties to corporations, unions, and the military-industrial complex. But what made the document the guiding spirit of a new radicalism was the remainder, which offered a new vision of social change.
Cuban missile crisis
Caused when the US discovered Soviet offensive missile sites in Cuba in October 1962; the U.S.-Soviet confrontation was the Cold War's closest brush with nuclear.
Rachel Carson's Silent Spring
University of Mississippi integrated
March on Washington
On August 28, 1963, 250,000 black and white Americans converged on the nation's capital for the March on Washington, often considered the high point of the nonviolent civil rights movement.
King's "Letter from a Birmingham Jail"
Medgar Evers killed
Betty Friedman's The Feminine Mystique
A publication by Betty Friedan that focused attention on the reality facing suburban women
Gulf of Tonkin resolution
Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, authorizing the president to take “all necessary measures to repel armed attack” in Vietnam
Free Speech movement at Berkeley
Civil Rights Act passed
outlawed discrimination in public accommodations and employment.
1965 - 1967
Term coined by President Lyndon B. Johnson in his 1965 State of the Union address, in which he proposed legislation to address problems of voting rights, poverty, diseases, education, immigration, and the environment.
Immigration Reform Act
Griswold v. Connecticut
Voting Rights Act
passed in the wake of Martin Luther King Jr.'s, Selma to Montgomery March, it authorized federal protection of the right to vote and permitted federal enforcement of minority voting rights in individual counties, mostly in the South.
Eliminated the national origins quota system for immigration established by laws in 1921 and 1924; led to radical change in the origins of immigrants to the United States, with Asians and Latin Americans outnumbering Europeans.