technological events

Main

printing press

1045

Movable type printing by Bi Sheng in China

wheel lock musket

1500

wheel lock musket invented

toilet

1500

first flush toilets invented

pocket watch

1510

Pocket watch invented by Peter Henlein.

pencil

1565

A graphite pencil invented by Conrad Gesner.

stocking frame

1589

Englishmen, William Lee invents a knitting machine called the stocking frame.

microscope

1590

Dutchmen, Zacharias Janssen invents the compound microscope

telescope

1608

Hans Lippershey invents the first refracting telescope

submarine

1620

The earliest human-powered submarine invented by Cornelis Drebbel.

adding machine

1642

Frenchmen, Blaise Pascal invents an adding machine

calculating machine

1671

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz invents a calculating machine.

universal joint

1676

Robert Hooke invents the universal joint.

steam engine

1712

Thomas Newcomen patents the atmospheric steam engine

flying shuttle

1733

John Kay invents the flying shuttle

electrical capacitor

1745

E.G. von Kleist invents the leyden jar, the first electrical capacitor.