WWII

* Chancellor – The head of the government in some European countries, such as Germany. (Adolf Hitler) * Conscription – Older name for draft; obligatory enlistment for state service (military) * Anschluss – The political union of Austria with Germany * Führer – German title meaning leader or guide *Appeasement – giving in to an aggressive country to maintain peace * Neutrality – The state or policy of being neutral, especially nonparticipation in war. * Dissenters – Red Army generals

Main

Franklin D. Roosevelt elected President of the US for the 1st time

November 8, 1932

Roosevelt becomes president of the US during WWII.

Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

January 30, 1933

Massive torchlight parade in Berlin to celebrate the appointment of Hitler as Chancellor of Germany.

Adolf Hitler becomes Fuhrer of Germany

August 19, 1934

Hitler achieves absolute authority.

Adolf Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by ordering military conscription

March 16, 1935

When Hitler strengthened his military, it made the other countries nervous that they might be attacked, so some took the precautionary measures of building up their military

Mussolini invades Ethiopia

May 9, 1936

Mussolini invaded Ethiopia, so the League of Nations told him he shouldn't do it but failed to do anything to stop him. This showed everyone that the League of Nations would not stop you from conquering the land you want because Mussolini just kept going.

Stalin begins his purge of dissenters

June 11, 1937

This marks the beginning of Stalin’s Great Purge where he eliminates all that oppose his reign.

Japan invades China

July 7, 1937

Japan invaded China not only to show their power but to gain resources.

Germany announces 'Anschluss' with Austria

March 12, 1938 - March 13, 1938

Germany and Austria form a political union.

Kristallnacht begins

November 9, 1938 - November 10, 1938

“The night of broken glass” Nazis burned down many Jewish businesses, houses, and churches.

Czechoslovakia taken by Nazi’s as appeasement from Britain and France

March 15, 1939 - March 16, 1939

Britain and France allow Germany to take Czechoslovakia in hopes that it would satisfy Hitler and he wouldn’t take more countries.

Nazis and Soviets sign non-aggression Pact

August 23, 1939

Hitler gets on Stalin’s good side so that he will not have to worry about war to the east until Germany is ready by signing a non-aggression pact.

Germany invades Poland

September 1, 1939

Hitler keeps going and decides to conquer Poland after promising to stop with Czech.

Britain declares war on Germany

September 3, 1939

Britain decides enough is enough and decides to stop giving in to Germany and declares war on them.

United States proclaims neutrality

September 5, 1939

The US is still trying to stay out of war

Nazis invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands

May 10, 1940

Germany invades all these countries for more land for Hitler’s Lebensraum, and basically declared war on them.

Battle of Britain begins

July 10, 1940

This is an air battle between British RAF and German Luftwaffe.
Britain wins

German air raid in Central London

August 23, 1940 - August 24, 1940

Germany bombed London on a regular basis, destroying the city and killing many civilians. Also called the London Blitz.

Tripartite (Axis) Pact signed by Germany, Italy, and Japan

September 27, 1940

Germany, Italy, and Japan formed an alliance.

Germany attacks the Soviet Union

June 22, 1941

Germany cuts ties with the USSR and declares war, invades, and attacks the Soviet Union.

Nazi's 1st experimental use of gas chambers at Auschwitz

September 3, 1941

This marks the start of Hitler’s mass exterminations through gas chambers and work camps.

Japanese bomb Pearl Habor

December 7, 1941

When Japan bombs our naval port at Pearl Harbor, they awoke a sleeping giant. They basically forced us to go to war with them which was dumb because they knew that we were powerful (as seen in WWI).

United States and Britain declare war on Japan

December 8, 1941

They declare war on Japan in response to the bombing on Pearl Harbor by Japanese Kamikaze pilots.

Germany declares war on United States

December 11, 1941

By this point, WWII has truly become a two sided worldwide war.

Japan invades Manchuria

August 9, 1945

Soviets declare war on Japan and invade Manchuria.