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SALT Treaty

November 1969 - May 1972

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks between the United States and the Soviet Union on the issue of armament control

Watergate Scandal

June 17, 1972 - August 9, 1974

Political scandal stemming from June '72 break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters and the Nixon administration's attempted coverup of its involvement, which led to Nixon's impeachment and eventual resignation in August '74

Gas Crisis of the 1970's

1973

-OPEC, the organizations of Middle Eastern countries that produced oil agreed to limit production and raise prices in 1973 in response to American support for Israel
-Effects: American begin to buy more fuel efficient cars (most of them are foreign cars), which devastates US economy, 1 of every 6 jobs in US was generated by auto industry all of these factors leads to recession

Helsinki Accords

July 1975

Non-binding declaration signed by US, Canada, and most European states in an attempt to improve relations between the Communist bloc and the West

Iranian Hostage Crisis

November 4, 1979 - January 20, 1981

Diplomatic crisis between Iran and US; Iranian student activists took over the American Embassy in Tehran, holding 52 Americans hostage and demanding that the Shah (then in the US for medical treatment) be extradited to Iran for trial and execution

Reagan Doctrine

1980 - 1991

-To oppose the global influence of the Soviet Union during the final years of the Cold War. While the doctrine lasted less than a decade, it was the centerpiece of the United States foreign policy from the early 1980's until the end of the Cold War in 1991.

Election of 1980

November 4, 1980

Jimmy Carter, a liberal Democrat, is defeated by Ronald Reagan, a conservative Republican, starting 12 years of conservative Republican control in the White House; Reagan's campaign based on his ability to communicate a few simple, well-articulated ideas