AP Euro Timeline

the beginning of time and beyond

Main

Hundred Years' War

1337 - 1453

Printing press invented by Johannes Gutenburg

1450

Ottoman conquest of Constantinople

1453

The Gutenberg Bible published

1454

War of The Roses

1455 - 1485

Lorenzo de Medici, “The Magnificent”, takes power in Florence

1469

Portugal discovers gold in West Africa

1471

Portuguese sailors led by Bartolomeu Diaz round the Cape of Good Hope

1488

Columbus’s discovery of America

1492

Reconquista of Spain Ends

1492

Treaty of Tordisillas

1493

Vasco Degamma makes it to India by boat

1498

Michaelangelo's David is completed

1501

Erasmus' "Handbook of the Christian Knight" is published

1503

Machiavelli's "The Prince" is published

1513

Thomas Moore writes Eutopia

1516

Martin Luther publishes his 95 theses

1517

Zwingli becomes priest

1518

Spain's Cortes conquers the Aztecs

1519

Peasant Revolt

1520

Diet of Worms

1521

Charles of HRE sacks Rome

1527

Pizarro's conquest of Incas

1530

Formation of the Schmalkaldic League

1531

Henry VIII becomes head of the Church of England

1534

Execution of Thomas Moore

1535

Jesuits created

1540

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Peace of Augsburg

1555

Elizabeth I takes throne

1558

Spanish Inquisition in Peru

1570

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

1572

Spanish Armada

1588

Edict of Nantes

1598

Jamestown established

1607

30 years war

1618 - 1648

Defenestration at Prague

1618

Battle of White Mountain

1620

Battle of White Mountain

1620

Edict of Restitution

1629

Peace of Westphalia ends the Thirty years war

1648

Louis invades the Spanish Netherlands

1667

France invades the United Provinces after isolating the Dutch for their betrayal

1672

Ottomans laid siege to Vienna

1683

Edict of Fontainbleau

1685

Austria defeats the Ottomans

1687

Palace at Versailles was completed

1688

the war of the League of Augsburg leads to depression and famine in France

1689 - 1697

Treaty of Karlowitz

1699

St. Petersberg is constructed

1703

War of the Spanish Succession

1703 - 1713

Louis XVI calls the Estates General

1788

Estates General meets for the first time

1789

Tennis Court Oath

june 20, 1789

Great Fear

July 1789

Storming of the Bastille

July 14, 1789

Declaration of the Rights of Man adopted by the Constituent Assembly

august 26, 1789

Women’s March on Versailles

October 5, 1789

Louis XVI attempts to flee Paris

1791

September Massacres

1792

Louis XVI executed

January 21, 1793

Committee of Public Safety established

April 1793

Marie Antoinette executed

October 16, 1793

Robespierre executed

july 28, 1794

Napoleon becomes FIrst Consul

1799

Napoleon crowns himself emperor

1804

Invasion of Russia

1812

Retreat from Russia

1813

Battle of Waterloo

June 18, 1815

Death of Napoleon

1821

Assasination of Franz Ferdinand

06/28/1914

World War I

07/28/1914 - 1918

Bolshevik Siezure of Power

1917

US enters World War I

04/06/1917

Mussolini becomes Italian Prime Minister

1922

German Hyperinflation

1923

Death of Lenin

1924

Stock Market Crash

1929

Hitler becomes Chancellor

1933

Nurmberg Laws

1935

Berlin Olympics

1936

Kristallnacht

11/09/1938

World War II

September 1, 1939 - August 14, 1945

Invasion of Poland

09/01/1939

Battle of Britain

July 1940 - October 1940

Operation Barbarossa launched

1941

Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor

12/07/1941

Battle of Midway

1942

Allies Land in Italy

1943

D-Day

1944

Battle of the Bulge begins

12/16/1944

V-E Day

May 8, 1945

Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima

August 6, 1945

United Nations charter ratified

OCtober 1945

French Fourth Republic

1946 - 1958

State of Israel established

1948

NATO Formed

1949

Death of Stalin

1953

Establishment of Warsaw Pact

1955

Beginning of Berlin Wall construction

1961

Cuban missile crisis

1962

Willy Brandt becomes German chancellor

1969

John Paul II elected Pope

1978

Margaret Thatcher becomes British prime minister

1979

Mikhail Gorbachev becomes leader of the Soviet Union

1985

End of Communist rule in Eastern Europe

1989

Reunification of Germany

1990

Maastricht Treaty

1992

Introduction of the Euro

2002