Space Missions

U.S.

Space Race Began

1957 - 1969

Jan. 31 Explorer 1 launched

Jan. 31 1958

May 5 Alan Sphepard is first American in space (Suborbital flight)

May 5 1961

May 25 President John F. Kennedy sends speech to go to the moon

May 25 1961

Feb. 20 John Glenn- First American in space

Feb. 20 1962

Nov. 28 Mariner 4 successful flyby

Nov. 28 1964

June 3 Ed White- First American to walk in space

June 3, 1965

Jan. 27 Apollo 1 fires up and kills Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chafee

Jan. 27 1967

Feb. 25 Mariner 6 passes within 2,000 miles of Mars

Feb. 25 1969

Mar. 27 Mariner 7 does the same as 6

Mar. 27 1969

July 16-24 Apollo 11 lands on moon. Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin Michael Collins

July 16 1969

Neil Armstrong is the first person to walk on the moon

July 16 1969

May 30 Mariner 9 orbits Mars (Nov. 13)

May 30 1971

May. 14 First U.S. Space Station Skylab

May 14 1973

May 25- June 22 Skylab 2 First crew on space station

May 25 1973 - June 22 1973

July 28- Sept 25 Skylab 3 Second Crew

July 28 1973 - Sept. 25 1973

Nov. 11- Feb. 8 Crew aboard space station

Nov. 11 1973 - Feb. 8 1974

July 14 Apollo 18 and Soyuz 19 dock and U.S. and USSR join together

July 14 1975

Sept. 5 Voyager 1 passes Jupiter and Saturn

Sept. 5 1977

Sept. 20 Voyager 2 passes Jupiter, Saturn, and Uranus

Sept. 20 1977

Apr. 12 Introduction of Columbia (Reusable Spacecraft)

Apr. 12 1981

June 18 Sally Ride first American Girl in Space (20 years after Valentina)

June 18 1983

Aug. 30 First African American in space

Aug. 30 1983

Feb. 3 Two astronauts are first to fly free of spacecraft

Feb. 3 1984

Oct. 5 Sally Ride, Katherine Sullivan. Sullivan- First U.S. women to spacewalk

Oct. 5 1984

Oct. 4 Atlantis is the fourth space shuttle launched

Oct. 4 1985

Jan. 28 Challenger explodes shortly after launch

Jan. 28 1986

Apr. 25 Hubble Telescope gives us a better view for stars

Apr. 25 1990

June 26 Atlantis and Mir rendezvous

June 26 1995

Nov. 12 Atlantis and Mir rendezvous again. Docking modules for future dockings.

Nov. 12 1995

Dec. 7 Spacecraft Galileo puts a Satellite into Jupiter's orbit

DEc. 7 1995

Mar. 22 Atlantis docks with Mir

Mar. 22 1996

Feb. 11 A new and better Hubble Telescope is launched

Feb. 11 1997

July 4 Mars Pathfinder successfully lands on Mars after Viking 2 is 1976

July 4 1997

Oct. 15 Launch of Cassini/ Hyugens

Oct. 15 1997

Jan. 7 Lunar Prospector is launched to the moon for analysis for the poles

Jan. 7 1998

Oct. 29 Discovery launches John Glenn at age 77, the oldest age

Oct. 29 1998

Dec. 19 DIscovery launches a new version of Hubble Telescope

Dec. 19 1999

2003 Columbia explodes during its mission

2003

2010 Retires a certain amount of space shuttles and displayed at museums

2010

USSR

Space Race Began

1957 - 1969

Oct. 4 Sputnik 1

Oct. 4 1957

Nov. 3 Sputnik 2

Nov. 3 1957

May Sputnik 3

May 1958

Jan. Luna 1 flyby

January 1959

Sept. Luna 2- First lunar impact, first object on the moon

September 1959

Oct. Luna 3- first pictures of far side of Moon

October 1959

April 12 Yuri Gagarin first human in space

April 12 1961

April 12 One complete orbit in Vostok 1

April 12 1961

June 14 Valentina Tereshkova- First women in space

June 14 1963

To test multiple crews and longer durations in space

Oct. 12 1964

Oct. 12 Voskhod 1- 3 man crew without spacesuits

Oct. 12 1964

Mar. 18 Voskhod 2- First Space Walk

March 18 1965

Feb. 22 Launch Kosmos 110- Carried 2 dogs in a 22 day flight

Feb. 22 1966

Venera 4

1967

Apr. 23 Crashes when reentering Earth, killing 3 cosmonauts

Apr. 23 1967

Venera 5 and 6 Successful atmospheric probes

1969

Venera 7 First object on a different planet

1970

Apr. 19 Salyut connected to Soyut 1

Apr. 19 1971

Nov. 27 Mars 2 was a succesful orbiter but failed lander

Nov. 27 1971

Dec. 2 Mars 3 Successful lander and orbiter

Dec. 2 1971

June 24 Salyut 3 launches and comes back in January 1975

June 24 1974 - January 1975

Dec. 26 Salyut 4 launched and stays in orbit until Feb. 2 1977

Dec. 2 1974 - Feb. 2 1977

Dec. 10- Mar. 16 Crew aboard Salyut 6 Space Station. 96 day endurance record

Dec. 10 1977 - Mar. 16 1978

March 1 Venera 13 lands on Venus and gives us the first soil analysis

Mar. 1 1982

July 17 Svetlana Savitskaya becomes first women to walk in space

July 17 1983

Feb. 7 1981 Salyut 7 falls from orbit and crashes into Argentina

Feb. 7 1991

June 26 Mir and Atlantis rendezvous

June 26 1995

Nov. 12 Mir and Atlantis rendezvous again. Docking modules for future dockings.

Nov. 12 1995

Mar. 22 Mir docks with Atlantis

Mar. 22 1996

Feb. 20 Mir's last launch after 7 dockings with Atlantis

Feb. 20 1999