New Testament Timeline

New Testament Chronology

Jesus is born in Bethlehem

5 B.C.

*approximate date

Jesus' family fleas Herod's plan to kill Jesus

4 B.C.

Jesus' family returns; reside in Nazareth

4 B.C.

Jesus (age 12) interacts with the teachers in the temple

8 A.D.

*approximate date

Jesus works as a carpenter in Nazareth

8 A.D. - 30 A.D.

*approximate date

Probably in neighboring villages and Sepphoris, which was being rebuilt.

John the Baptist begins his ministry

28 A.D.

*approximate date

Around the Jordan River

Jesus is baptized

30 A.D.

*approximate date

Jesus begins his ministry

30 A.D.

*approximate date

In Judea, but soon focuses in Galilee. Pharisees in Jerusalem reject Jesus' ministry.

Jesus ascends to Heaven

33 A.D.

Jesus returns to Judea

33 A.D.

Pentecost

33 A.D.

Jesus' first believers receive the Holy Spirit and begin to proclaim the gospel.

Jesus is resurrected

33 A.D.

Jesus is crucified

33 A.D.

Paul converted to Christianity

33 A.D. - 34 A.D.

*approximate date

Paul witnesses the resurrected Jesus on his way to Damascus and is commissioned as an apostle to the nations.

Paul ministers in Damascus and Arabia

34 A.D. - 37 A.D.

Paul meets with Peter in Jerusalem

36 A.D. - 37 A.D.

*approximate date

Paul ministers in Syria, Tarsus, and Cilicia

37 A.D. - 45 A.D.

Peter witnesses to Cornelius

38 A.D.

*approximate date

James writes his letter to believers outside Palestine

40 A.D. - 45 A.D.

*approximate date

Peter imprisoned

41 A.D. - 44 A.D.

James (the brother of John) is killed

41 A.D. - 44 A.D.

*approximate date

Paul receives his "thorn in the flesh"

42 A.D. - 44 A.D.

Peter leaves Jerusalem

44 A.D.

Paul's second visit to Jerusalem

44 A.D. - 47 A.D.

*approximate date

Time of famine.

Paul's first missionary journey

46 A.D. - 48 A.D.

*With Barnabas

From Antioch to Cyprus, Antioch in Pisidia, Iconium, and Lystra.

Jacob and Simon (sons of Judas the Galilean) are crucified

46 A.D. - 48 A.D.

Paul writes Galatians

48 A.D.

*approximate date

Perhaps from Antioch

Peter and Paul return to Jerusalem for the Apostolic Council

48 A.D. - 49 A.D.

*approximate date

Frees Gentile believer from Jewish customs.

Paul and Barnabas return to Antioch

48 A.D. - 49 A.D.

*approximate date (after Apostolic Council)

Paul and Barnabas split over a dispute about John Mark.

Paul's second missionary journey

48 A.D. - 51 A.D.

*approximate date
*with Silas

From Antioch to Syria, Cilicia, southern Galatia, Macedonia, Philippi, Thessalonica, and Berea; and then to Achaia, Athens and Corinth.

Paul befriends Priscilla and Aquila

49 A.D.

*In Corinth

Paul writes 1-2 Thessalonians from Corinth

49 A.D. - 51 A.D.

*approximate date

Peter comes to Rome

50 A.D. - 54 A.D.

*approximate date

Paul appears before Gallio, proconsul of Achaia

51 A.D.

Paul ministers in Ephesus

52 A.D. - 55 A.D.

Paul's third missionary journey

52 A.D. - 57 A.D.

*approximate date

From Antioch to Galatia, Phrygia, Ephesus, Macedonia, and Greece.

Mark writes his Gospel

53 A.D. - 55 A.D

*approximate date

Contains Peter's memories.
Perhaps within a decade, Matthew publishes his Gospel (which relies on Mark and other sources).

Priscilla and Aquila return to Rome

54 A.D.

Priscilla and Aquila host a church in their home.

Paul writes 2 Corinthians

55 A.D. - 56 A.D.

*approximate date

From Macedonia.

Paul is arrested and transferred to Caesarea

57 A.D. - 59 A.D

Paul writes Romans

57 A.D.

*approximate date

From Corinth.

Paul travels to Jerusalem

57 A.D.

Visits with James, the brother of Jesus.

Paul begins his voyage to Rome

60 A.D.

Paul is shipwrecked on Malta for three months.

Hebrews is written

60 A.D. - 70 A.D.

*approximate date

James, the brother of Jesus, is executed

62 A.D.

Paul is relseased

62 A.D. - 64 A.D.

*approximate date

Paul extends his mission

62 A.D. - 64 A.D.

*approximate date

Probably reaching Spain.

Paul arrives in Rome

62 A.D.

*approximate date

Remains under house arrest.

Paul writes Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon

62 A.D.

*approximate date

From Rome.

Paul is rearrested in Rome

62 A.D. - 64 A.D.

*approximate date

Luke writes Luke and Acts

62 A.D.

*approximate date

Peter writes 1 Peter

62 A.D. - 63 A.D.

*approximate date

From Rome.

Paul writes Titus

62 A.D. - 64 A.D.

*approximate date

From Nicopolis.

Paul writes 1 Timothy

62 A.D. - 64 A.D.

*approximate date

From Macedonia.

Peter writes 2 Peter

64 A.D. - 67 A.D.

*approximate date

Jude (brother of Jesus) writes Jude

64 A.D. - 67 A.D.

*approximate date

Paul writes 2 Timothy

64 A.D. - 67 A.D.

*approximate date

Paul and Peter are martyred in Rome

64 A.D. - 67 A.D.

*approximate date

John migrates to Ephesus

67 A.D.

*approximate date

With Mary, the mother of Jesus.

John writes his Gospel

85 A.D. - 95 A.D.

*approximate date

Probably from Ephesus.

John writes his letters (1-3 John)

85 A.D. - 95 A.D.

*approximate date

Probably from Ephesus.

John exiled to Patmos

95 A.D. - 96 A.D.

*approximate date

John writes Revelation

95 A.D. - 96 A.D.

*approximate date

From Patmos.

Clement writes his letter to the Corinthians

95 A.D.

*approximate date

Clement was a leader in the Roman church.
Was under heavy persecution.
Wrote to Corinth on the topic of peace between young men and elders.

Biblical History

Herod dies

4 B.C.

Judea, Samaria, and Idumea are given to Herod's son, Archelaus

4 B.C.

Galilee and Perea are given to Herod's son, Antipas

4 B.C.

Judea becomes a Roman Province

6 A.D.

Archelaus is exiled for incompetence

6 A.D.

Annas is appointed high priest

6 A.D.

Appointed by Quirinius, governor of Syria.

Judas the Galilean leads a revolt

6 A.D.

Revolt against the tax census

Pilate loses his position for incompetence

36 A.D.

Antipas is exiled

39 A.D.

Agrippa rules Palestine

41 A.D. - 44 A.D.

Agrippa was Herod the Great's grandson.

Agrippa is killed by an "angel of the Lord"

44 A.D.

Roman procurator executes Theudas

44 A.D. - 46 A.D.

Theudas persuaded many Jews to sell their possessions and follow him into the wilderness. He claimed to be the true messiah, thus he was executed for threatening the state.

Roman procurator Tiberius Alexander crucifies two sons of Judas the Galilean

46 A.D. - 48 A.D.

Claudius expels Jews from Rome

49 A.D.

Nero reigns

54 A.D. - 68 A.D.

Claudius dies

54 A.D.

Edict exiling Jews repealed.

Work on the temple complex is completed

63 A.D. - 64 A.D.

Fire in Rome

64 A.D.

Nero blames and kills many Christians

Roman procurator, Gesius Florus, is murdered

66 A.D.

High priest Ananias is murdered

66 A.D.

By Menahem, son or grandson of judas the Galilean.

First Jewish-Roman War begins in Caesarea

66 A.D.

Begins with riots between Jews and Greeks.
Roman garrison wiped out.
Menahem murders Ananias and seizes control of the temple.
nero dispatches Vespasian with three legions.

Romans destroy the Qumran community

67 A.D.

*approximate date

Qumran community had hidden the Dead Seas Scrolls.
The church in Jerusalem flees to Pella.

Nero commits suicide

68 A.D.

Year of the three emperors

68 A.D.

Vespasian summoned back to Rome to become emperor

69 A.D.

Rebellion quelled in Galilee and Samaria

69 A.D.

Titus, Vespasian's son, destroys the temple in Jerusalem

70 A.D.

The temple's menorah, veil, and Torah are put on display in a victory parade in Rome.
Influence of the Sadducees ends.

Roman general Silva breaches the fortress atop Masada

73 A.D.

Following a two-year siege.
936 Jews commit suicide beforehand.

Titus has an affair with the Jewish princess, Berenice

75 A.D.

Berenice is the sister of Agrippa II.
Titus later abandons Berenice because of the scandal.

Pliny the Elder writes Natural History

77 A.D.

Josephus publishes Jewish War

77 A.D. - 78 A.D.

In Rome.

Pompeii and Herculaneum are destroyed

79 A.D.

By eruption of Vesuvias.
Pliny the Elder dies trying to investigate.

Domitian persecutes Christians

81 A.D. - 96 A.D.

Christians among the Roman nobility (including his own relatives: Clemens and Domitilla.
Domitian is the brother of Titus.

The Arch of Titus is erected in Rome

81 A.D.

Josephus publishes Jewish Antiquities

93 A.D. - 94 A.D.

In Rome.

Domitian exiles philosophers from Rome

94 A.D.

Nerva end official persecution of Christians

96 A.D. - 98 A.D.

Nerva, the first of five "good" emperors.