HISTORY ON ANIMATION

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presistance of vision

1824

'The persistence of vision with regard to moving objects' - Peter Roget

Phenakistoscope invented

1872

produced an illusion of movement

Kinetoscope invented by Thomas Edison

1889

projected a 50ft length of film in approximately 13 seconds.

Stuart Blackton made the first animated film

1906

Humorous phases of funny faces." His method was to draw comical faces on a blackboard and film them. He would stop the film, erase one face to draw another, and then film the newly drawn face.

En Route

1910

first paper cutout animation

Winsor McCay produced an animation sequence using his comic

1911

strip character "Little Nemo

Winsor McCay produced a cartoon

1914

called "Gertie, The Trained Dinosaur" which amazingly consisted of 10,000 drawings. It was shown as a film in the theaters and also as a multi media event on stage with McCay interacting with the animated Gertie.

FELIX THE CAT

1920

the most popular character and series of this period, started as the Feline Follies from Sullivan's studio. The merchandising of Felix's image for dolls, watches, etc was very successful and paved the way for the later merchandising of animated characters.

Found A Studio

1923

Walt and Roy Disney found Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio

Found A Studio

1923

Walt and Roy Disney found Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio,STEAMBOAT WILLIE was the first successful sound animated film; it made Mickey an international star, and launched the Disney studio of today.

Warner Bros. Cartoons was born.

1930

First WB short was SINKING IN THE BATHTUB

Pluto character born in THE PICNIC.

• Fleischer: introduced the character of in Betty Boop

Donald Duck voice debuts on Mickey Mouse's NBC radio program

1934

Warners, first Merrie Melody in color, the Looney Tunes were in B&W until 1943, colored in 70's in Japan.

In the 1950's Warner's burnt all their cels from these series to make storage space available

First Porky Pig I HAVEN'T GOT A HAT

1935

Marc Davis, one of the Nine Old Men begins working at Disney, spending 42 years there.

Tex Avery's first film at Warner's

1936

Jones, Clampett, and Bo Cannon were also in the unit, which they called Termite Terrace.

SNOW WHITE AND THE SEVEN DWARFS

1937

PORKYS DUCK HUNT, introduced the proto type character of Daffy Duck.

First Chuck Jones, THE NIGHT WATCHMAN

1938

PINOCCHIO and FANTASIA

• Warners: Avery's, A WILD HARE, where he defines the character of Bugs Bunny. There were three previous Bugs, but this was the film where the real Bugs was born.

• First Tom and Jerry (MGM: PUSS GETS THE BOOT). first co-effort of Bill Hanna and Joe Barbera

•Lantz: Woody Woodpecker introduced: KNOCK: KNOCK

Leon Schlesinger studio sold to Warners

1944

Warners, Yosemite Sam introduced in HARE TRIGGER

TWEETIE PIE, AA, Warners

1947

Tweetie and Sylvester together, first Tweetie, first AA for Warners, Friz Freleng.

Warners, The Road Runner introduced,

1947

FAST AND FURRY-OUS, Chuck Jones Director

Anamation

1950

Animation for TV commercials becoming an important segment of the animation industry

Disney: PETER PAN released.

1953

Warners, DUCK AMUCK, Chuck Jones Director.

GUMBY first appears in GUMBASIS by Art Clokey

Warners, Tasmanian Devil,

1954

DEVIL MAY HARE, Bob McKimson

SPEEDY GONZALES, AA, Friz

1955

Freleng, first major Speedy

Hanna and Barbera were asked to leave MGM, started Hanna Barbera studios

1957

Warners: WHAT'S OPERA DOC? Chuck Jones

Dr. Seuss wrote Cat in the Hat

Warners, ONE FROGGY EVENING, Chuck Jones

1959

Jay Ward's on TV.

The Flintstones

1960

first prime time TV series -Hanna-Barbera

Start of the

1961

Nine Old Men" era at Disney

Warner Bros. Animation closes.

1962

Charles Shulz writes: "Happiness is a Warm Puppy

THE DOT AND THE LINE

1965

AA, MGM (Chuck Jones)

A CHARLIE BROWN CHRISTMAS
First Peanuts TV special