'The persistence of vision with regard to moving objects' - Peter Roget
produced an illusion of movement
projected a 50ft length of film in approximately 13 seconds.
Humorous phases of funny faces." His method was to draw comical faces on a blackboard and film them. He would stop the film, erase one face to draw another, and then film the newly drawn face.
first paper cutout animation
strip character "Little Nemo
called "Gertie, The Trained Dinosaur" which amazingly consisted of 10,000 drawings. It was shown as a film in the theaters and also as a multi media event on stage with McCay interacting with the animated Gertie.
the most popular character and series of this period, started as the Feline Follies from Sullivan's studio. The merchandising of Felix's image for dolls, watches, etc was very successful and paved the way for the later merchandising of animated characters.
Walt and Roy Disney found Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio
Walt and Roy Disney found Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio,STEAMBOAT WILLIE was the first successful sound animated film; it made Mickey an international star, and launched the Disney studio of today.
First WB short was SINKING IN THE BATHTUB
Pluto character born in THE PICNIC.
• Fleischer: introduced the character of in Betty Boop
Warners, first Merrie Melody in color, the Looney Tunes were in B&W until 1943, colored in 70's in Japan.
In the 1950's Warner's burnt all their cels from these series to make storage space available
Marc Davis, one of the Nine Old Men begins working at Disney, spending 42 years there.
Jones, Clampett, and Bo Cannon were also in the unit, which they called Termite Terrace.
PORKYS DUCK HUNT, introduced the proto type character of Daffy Duck.
PINOCCHIO and FANTASIA
• Warners: Avery's, A WILD HARE, where he defines the character of Bugs Bunny. There were three previous Bugs, but this was the film where the real Bugs was born.
• First Tom and Jerry (MGM: PUSS GETS THE BOOT). first co-effort of Bill Hanna and Joe Barbera
•Lantz: Woody Woodpecker introduced: KNOCK: KNOCK
Warners, Yosemite Sam introduced in HARE TRIGGER
Tweetie and Sylvester together, first Tweetie, first AA for Warners, Friz Freleng.
FAST AND FURRY-OUS, Chuck Jones Director
Animation for TV commercials becoming an important segment of the animation industry
Warners, DUCK AMUCK, Chuck Jones Director.
GUMBY first appears in GUMBASIS by Art Clokey
DEVIL MAY HARE, Bob McKimson
Freleng, first major Speedy
Warners: WHAT'S OPERA DOC? Chuck Jones
Dr. Seuss wrote Cat in the Hat
Jay Ward's on TV.
first prime time TV series -Hanna-Barbera
Nine Old Men" era at Disney
Charles Shulz writes: "Happiness is a Warm Puppy
AA, MGM (Chuck Jones)
A CHARLIE BROWN CHRISTMAS
First Peanuts TV special