Development of the People's Republic of China


The Long March

October 1934

Red Army (Communists) initiated a long strategic retreat later known as the Long March which established Mao Tse-tung as the Communist party leader

Japan invades China


the Chinese Communists, led by Mao Tse-tung, and the Nationalists, led by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, stopped fighting each other and formed an uneasy alliance against their common enemy Japan

The People's Republic of China formally established


The people were defined as a coalition of four social classes: the workers, the peasants, the petite bourgeoisie, and the national-capitalists

The rival Republic of China is established


Chiang and the Nationalists installed the rival Republic of China (ROC) as a government in exile on Taiwan two months following the establishment of the People's Republic of China

China enters the Korean War


Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance signed

1950 - 1980

China and the USSR sign the Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance

Massive drive against political enemies

1951 - 1952

enemies consisted of "war criminals, traitors, bureaucratic capitalists, and counterrevolutionaries." The campaign was combined with party-sponsored trials attended by huge numbers of people

China's First Five-Year Plan

1953 - 1957

This period was officially designated "transition to socialism".The period was characterized by efforts to achieve industrialization, collectivization of agriculture, and political centralization.

Great Leap Forward

1957 - 1958

beginning Mao's land reform program which led to great famine and malnutrition

Cultural Revolution

1966 - 1976

also known as Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, it was a social-political movement that took place from 1966 through 1976. Established by Mao to impose socialist orthodoxy and rid China of "old elements", and serveg certain political goals.

Mao Zedong's death