Development of the People's Republic of China

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The Long March

October 1934

Red Army (Communists) initiated a long strategic retreat later known as the Long March which established Mao Tse-tung as the Communist party leader

Japan invades China

1937

the Chinese Communists, led by Mao Tse-tung, and the Nationalists, led by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, stopped fighting each other and formed an uneasy alliance against their common enemy Japan

The People's Republic of China formally established

1949

The people were defined as a coalition of four social classes: the workers, the peasants, the petite bourgeoisie, and the national-capitalists

The rival Republic of China is established

1949

Chiang and the Nationalists installed the rival Republic of China (ROC) as a government in exile on Taiwan two months following the establishment of the People's Republic of China

China enters the Korean War

1950

Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance signed

1950 - 1980

China and the USSR sign the Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance

Massive drive against political enemies

1951 - 1952

enemies consisted of "war criminals, traitors, bureaucratic capitalists, and counterrevolutionaries." The campaign was combined with party-sponsored trials attended by huge numbers of people

China's First Five-Year Plan

1953 - 1957

This period was officially designated "transition to socialism".The period was characterized by efforts to achieve industrialization, collectivization of agriculture, and political centralization.

Great Leap Forward

1957 - 1958

beginning Mao's land reform program which led to great famine and malnutrition

Cultural Revolution

1966 - 1976

also known as Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, it was a social-political movement that took place from 1966 through 1976. Established by Mao to impose socialist orthodoxy and rid China of "old elements", and serveg certain political goals.

Mao Zedong's death

1976