Cold War Timeline

Main

Korea divided into U.S. and Soviet occupation zones along 38th parallel

1945

Currency reform in Berlin

1948

Berlin airlift begins

1948

Berlin Blockade

1948

Founding of Federal Republic of Germany (West)

1949

Founding of German Democratic Republic (East)

1949

NATO is created

1949

Dwight Eisenhower named supreme NATO commander

1950

UN captures North Korean capital

1950

North Korea captures Seoul

1950

UN gets involved in Korean War

1950

North Korea invades South Korea

1950

Korean War Begins

1950

UN forces dig into the 38th parallel

1951

UN retakes Seoul

1951

Chinese capture Seoul

1951

Korean War ceasefire signed

1953

North Korean & Chinese leaders agree to POW exchange

1953

Vietnam split at 17th Parallel

1954

Vietnam War Begins

1955

Warsaw Pact established

1955

Great Leap Forward

1958

Fidel Castro comes into power

1959

Cuba openly aligns with Soviets

1960

Vietcong is formed

1960

Krushchev & Kennedy hold summit talks regarding missiles

1961

US terminates diplomatic relations with Cuba

1961

"Bay of Pigs" anti-Castro rebellion

1961

Berlin Wall built

1961

US military forces go into DEFCON 3

1962

Krushchev announces missile removal on Radio Moscow

1962

Kennedy is advised to make air strikes on Cuba

1962

US military forces go into DEFCON 2

1962

Photos of Cuban missile sites obtained

1962

JFK declares U.S. support of West Berlin

1963

U.S. begins bombing raids on North Vietnam

1965

American anti-war rallies are in full swing

1966

Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (China)

1966

Soviet troops crush Czechoslovakian revolt

1968

Ho Chi Minh dies

1969

Nixon extends Vietnam War to Cambodia

1970

Remaining U.S. troops leave Vietnam

1973

North Vietnam Defeats South Vietnam

1975

Gorbachev ascends to power

1985

Soviet Empire falls

1989

Soviet troops withdraw from Afghanistan

1989

Mao Zedong comes into power

1989

Hungarian government opens border for East German refugees

1989

Berlin Wall falls

1989

Germany formally reunited

1990

Warsaw Pact ends

1991

NATO embarks on first military operation against Bosnian Serbs

1995

Czech. Rep., Hungary, Poland join NATO

1999