Birth of the church begins with Peter, according to Jesus. (Matthew 16:18)
Jerusalem Council to confirm Gentiles didn't have to become Jews to be Christians.
Thomas travels to India.
Fire in Rome of which Nero blamed the Christians.
Temple in Jerusalem destroyed by Titus, son of Emperor Vespasian.
Gnostics’ false teachings were growing, as were their numbers.
Polycarp martyred for not burning incense to the emperor.
Montanist Movement, emphasis on dynamic Spirit acts, was eventually rejected.
New Testament books were canonized, minus Hebrews, James and 1 & 2 Peter.
Infant baptism is introduced.
Edict of Milan made Christianity legal under Emperor Constantine.
Eusebius of Caesarea wrote the earliest surviving history of Christianity.
Council of Nicaea, 1st church council, proclaimed the Trinity and Jesus’ full deity.
Council of Constantinople, 2nd church council, modified the Nicene Creed.
Christianity declared official religion of the empire under Emperor Theodosius.
Council of Ephesus, 3rd church council, refuted Nestorius’ claims that Jesus was 2 persons.
Council of Chalcedon, 4th church council, sees Jesus as 1 person, 2 natures (Leo I, “voice of Peter”).
2nd Council of Constantinople, 5th church council, denounced the 1-nature view of Christ.
Gregory became first Roman bishop to wear the title of “Pope.”
Islam is created from Muhammad’s visions.
3rd Council of Constantinople, 6th church council, reaffirmed Chalcedon view of Jesus.
2nd Council of Nicaea, 7th & final council, denounced Adoptionism & allowed icon-revering.
Anskar, “Apostle of the North,” missionary to Sweden and DENMARK.
Harald Bluetooth brought Christianity to DENMARK.
Great “Schism” between Greek Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism.
Concordat of Worms gave church leaders, rather than emperors, selection of bishop.
Pope Innocent III claimed power over all secular rulers as self-proclaimed “Vicar of Christ.”
Francis of Assissi began his ministry after hearing a sermon on Matthew 10:9.
Children’s Crusade saw ~50,000 kids try to conquer the Holy Land, but sold into slavery.
Kublai Khan’s Request for monks to teach Mongols Christianity not met. Islam won.
2nd Council of Lyons tried uniting Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy under pope.
Council of Vienne convened under Pope Clement V to disband “Knights Templar.”
Council of Constance instigated “conciliarism” - church council is ultimate authority.
Council of Florence said the pope is ultimate authority and recognized 7 sacraments.
Gutenberg’s printing press was invented.
Moscow claimed as center of Orthodoxy.
Erasmus of Rotterdam’s Greek New Testament was the 1st to be published.
Martin Luther’s 95 Theses published as debate topics in protest of selling indulgences.
John Calvin published “The Institutes of the Christian Religion.”
Jesuit Order founded to combat Reformation.
Union of Brest-Litovsk saw Ukrainian Orthodox Christians join with Roman Catholicism.
Persecution of Japanese Christians saw the government crucify 26 native Christians.
Rheims-Douay Bible completed, translated the Vulgate into English.
King James Bible is published in English.
John Milton, Christian poet, publishes “Paradise Lost” & argues church/state separation.
Chinese Rites Controversy between Dominican & Jesuit monks over ancestor veneration.
The Great Awakening was an outward-sign revival in Massachusetts & New Jersey.
Methodist Conference formed by John Wesley to become its own separate denomination.
Søren Kierkegaard, DANISH philosopher, wrote of God’s revelation apart from nation/culture.
Jesuit Order restored by Pope Pius VII.
Formation of African Methodist Episcopal Church in order to ordain African-American bishops.
Five Fundamentals: Scripture inerrancy, Jesus’ deity, virgin birth, substitutionary atonement & Christ's return.
Boxer Rebellion when missionaries were killed for interfering in Chinese national/cultural affairs.
Azusa Street Revival marked the beginning of the Pentecostal movement.
Wycliffe Bible Translators Organization is founded.
Dead Sea Scrolls are discovered near the Dead Sea at Qumran.
“Mere Christianity” by C.S. Lewis was published.
Willingdon Church was planted.