Church History

Main

Birth of the church

32 AD

Birth of the church begins with Peter, according to Jesus. (Matthew 16:18)

Jerusalem Council

49 AD

Jerusalem Council to confirm Gentiles didn't have to become Jews to be Christians.

Thomas travels to India.

52 AD

Thomas travels to India.

Fire in Rome

64 AD

Fire in Rome of which Nero blamed the Christians.

Temple in Jerusalem destroyed

70 AD

Temple in Jerusalem destroyed by Titus, son of Emperor Vespasian.

Gnostics false teachings

90 AD - 150 AD

Gnostics’ false teachings were growing, as were their numbers.

Polycarp martyred

155 AD

Polycarp martyred for not burning incense to the emperor.

Montanist Movement

156 AD - 220 AD

Montanist Movement, emphasis on dynamic Spirit acts, was eventually rejected.

New Testament books were canonized

190 AD

New Testament books were canonized, minus Hebrews, James and 1 & 2 Peter.

Infant baptism

200 AD

Infant baptism is introduced.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

Edict of Milan made Christianity legal under Emperor Constantine.

Eusebius of Caesarea

324 AD

Eusebius of Caesarea wrote the earliest surviving history of Christianity.

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

Council of Nicaea, 1st church council, proclaimed the Trinity and Jesus’ full deity.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

Council of Constantinople, 2nd church council, modified the Nicene Creed.

Christianity declared official religion of the empire

391 AD

Christianity declared official religion of the empire under Emperor Theodosius.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

Council of Ephesus, 3rd church council, refuted Nestorius’ claims that Jesus was 2 persons.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

Council of Chalcedon, 4th church council, sees Jesus as 1 person, 2 natures (Leo I, “voice of Peter”).

2nd Council of Constantinople

553 AD

2nd Council of Constantinople, 5th church council, denounced the 1-nature view of Christ.

Gregory

590 AD - 604 AD

Gregory became first Roman bishop to wear the title of “Pope.”

Islam

610 AD

Islam is created from Muhammad’s visions.

3rd Council of Constantinople

681 AD

3rd Council of Constantinople, 6th church council, reaffirmed Chalcedon view of Jesus.

2nd Council of Nicaea

787 AD

2nd Council of Nicaea, 7th & final council, denounced Adoptionism & allowed icon-revering.

Anskar

801 AD - 865 AD

Anskar, “Apostle of the North,” missionary to Sweden and DENMARK.

Harald Bluetooth

960 AD

Harald Bluetooth brought Christianity to DENMARK.

Great Schism

1054 AD

Great “Schism” between Greek Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism.

Concordat of Worms

1123 AD

Concordat of Worms gave church leaders, rather than emperors, selection of bishop.

Pope Innocent III

1201 AD

Pope Innocent III claimed power over all secular rulers as self-proclaimed “Vicar of Christ.”

Francis of Assissi

1209 AD

Francis of Assissi began his ministry after hearing a sermon on Matthew 10:9.

Childrens Crusade

1212 AD

Children’s Crusade saw ~50,000 kids try to conquer the Holy Land, but sold into slavery.

Kublai Khans Request

1266 AD

Kublai Khan’s Request for monks to teach Mongols Christianity not met. Islam won.

2nd Council of Lyons

1274 AD

2nd Council of Lyons tried uniting Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy under pope.

Council of Vienne

1311 AD - 1312 AD

Council of Vienne convened under Pope Clement V to disband “Knights Templar.”

Council of Constance

1414 AD - 1418 AD

Council of Constance instigated “conciliarism” - church council is ultimate authority.

Council of Florence

1438 AD - 1445 AD

Council of Florence said the pope is ultimate authority and recognized 7 sacraments.

Gutenbergs printing press

1440 AD

Gutenberg’s printing press was invented.

Moscow claimed as center of Orthodoxy

1500 AD

Moscow claimed as center of Orthodoxy.

Erasmus

1516 AD

Erasmus of Rotterdam’s Greek New Testament was the 1st to be published.

Martin Luthers 95 Theses

1517

Martin Luther’s 95 Theses published as debate topics in protest of selling indulgences.

John Calvin

1536 AD

John Calvin published “The Institutes of the Christian Religion.”

Jesuit Order

1540 AD

Jesuit Order founded to combat Reformation.

Union of Brest-Litovsk

1596 AD

Union of Brest-Litovsk saw Ukrainian Orthodox Christians join with Roman Catholicism.

Persecution of Japanese Christians

1597 AD

Persecution of Japanese Christians saw the government crucify 26 native Christians.

Rheims-Douay Bible

1609 AD

Rheims-Douay Bible completed, translated the Vulgate into English.

King James Bible

1611 AD

King James Bible is published in English.

John Milton

1667 AD

John Milton, Christian poet, publishes “Paradise Lost” & argues church/state separation.

Chinese Rites Controversy

1704 AD

Chinese Rites Controversy between Dominican & Jesuit monks over ancestor veneration.

The Great Awakening

1720 AD - 1750 AD

The Great Awakening was an outward-sign revival in Massachusetts & New Jersey.

Methodist Conference

1784 AD

Methodist Conference formed by John Wesley to become its own separate denomination.

Soren Kierkegaard

1813 AD - 1855 AD

Søren Kierkegaard, DANISH philosopher, wrote of God’s revelation apart from nation/culture.

Jesuit Order restored

1814 AD

Jesuit Order restored by Pope Pius VII.

African Methodist Episcopal Church

1816 AD

Formation of African Methodist Episcopal Church in order to ordain African-American bishops.

Five Fundamentals

1895 AD

Five Fundamentals: Scripture inerrancy, Jesus’ deity, virgin birth, substitutionary atonement & Christ's return.

Boxer Rebellion

1901 AD

Boxer Rebellion when missionaries were killed for interfering in Chinese national/cultural affairs.

Azusa Street Revival

1906 AD

Azusa Street Revival marked the beginning of the Pentecostal movement.

Wycliffe Bible Translators Organization

1934 AD

Wycliffe Bible Translators Organization is founded.

Dead Sea Scrolls

1947 AD

Dead Sea Scrolls are discovered near the Dead Sea at Qumran.

Mere Christianity

1952 AD

“Mere Christianity” by C.S. Lewis was published.

Willingdon Church

1961 AD

Willingdon Church was planted.