Arab-Israeli Conflict

from 1949 to 1979

Treaties/Events

McMahon Correspondance

1915 - 1916

promised Arabs the Arab province of Ottoman empire, including Palestine

Sykes-Picot Agreement

1916

French - Syria, Lebanon
British - Iraq, Palestine, Transjordan

Balfour Declaration

1917

promised Israelis a land in Palestine

Nabi Musa Riot

1920

violent riots in Jewish quarters of Jerusalem

Treaty of Sevres

1920

adopted Balfour Declaration internationally

Pogrom in Jerusalem

1920

denounce Balfour Declaration
call to end Jewish immigration
demand self-governed Arab state
promote union within Arab states & Syria

Renewed Arab Revolt

1921

Anti-Jewish violence

1929

Falsely accused Jews of destroying the sacred mosque

Hebron Massacre

1929

ancient Jewish community attacked, desecrated synagogues, property destroyed - some Arabs showed sympathy

Arab Revolt

1936 - 1939

because of increase in immigration, sale of land to Jews, and realized that violence causes British government to act upon Jewish immigration

Irgun broke off from Haganah

1936

Menachim Begin as leader, right wing

British White Paper

1939

50,000 Jewish immigration for the next 5 years, 25,000 special cases, by Briths

Lehi Formed

1940

Avraham Stern, right wing, broke off from Irgun because didn't want to cooperate with British

King Daved Hotel bombing

1946

Irgun, Lehi

IDF Formed w/ Irgun

1948

Irgun swears oath of loyalty to IDF

Deir Yassin massacre

1948

Irgun, Lehi

Likud Party (RW) formed

1973

Begin becomes PM of Israel

1977