Hist 391

Main

L11

Denis Papin

1647 - 1712

Thomas Savery

1650 - 1715

Engine to drive up water by fire, Edward Marquise

1663

Thomas Newcomen

1663 - 1729

Papin proposes steamer

1681

Papin proposes piston engine

1690

Papin's social situation changes

1691

Savery Miner's Friend

1698

Papin proposes steamboat, fails

1708

Newcomen announces piston engines, Papin dies

1712

Putting out system ends, factory system starts

1721

Silk Mill in Derby

1722

James Watt

1735 - 1819

Jonathan Hulls, first depiction of steam boat

1736

Watt appointed curator at Glasgow University

1764

Watt fixes newcomen engine

1764

Watt invents external steam condenser

1765

Watt builds new engine with external condensor

1768

Mathew Boulton buy's Watt's engine

1773

Watt moves to Soho

1774

Watt adopts crank and flywheel, 'Revolution'

1781

Richard Arkwright, Cromford Mill

1781

Pyroscaphe by Marquise de Jouffroy

1783

William Symington Engine

1788

11200 hp supplied by watt, 5 pound fee each

1799

Watt engine almost completely replaces waterwheels

1800

Charlotte Dundas I

1801

Charlotte Dundas II

1802

David Napier's steam ship, Rob Roy

1818

L14

Richard Trevithick

1771 - 1833

Trevithick invents high pressure engine

1799

Puffing Devil

1801

Trevithick's London Steam Carriage

1803

Pennydarren locomotive

1804

Catch Me Who Can

1808

Trevithick designs "Cornish boiler"

1812

Hetton-Sunderland by George Stephenson

1820

Samuel Brown, first patent for internal combustion

1823

'Rocket' by George Stephenson wins trials

1829

Rainhill Trials

1829

Railroads expand from 100 miles to 19,000miles

1830 - 1900

Nikolaus Otto

1832 - 1891

Trevithick dies in poverty

1833

Joseph Lenoir, first 'real' IC engine, Stationary

1859

Otto's first engine, based off Lenoir

1861

Otto, first 4-stroke engine

1876

Otto patents 4-stroke, fires assistants

1877

Daimler Motors company

1882

Grandfather Clock Engine, first modern gasoline engine

1885

First motorcycle (Daimler Motors)

1885

Daimler Maybach's first car

1886

Daimler-Maybach Phoenix engine

1894

Mercedes racecar invented, Daimler dies

1900

L14-2, 1.) The Early Balloons and Airships

Hydrogen Discovered

1766

Mongolfier Brothers, first public demonstration of baloon

1783

Jacques Charles, first hydrogen flight

1783

Mongolfier Brothers, first manned flight

1783

von Zeppelin

1838 - 1917

Henri Giffard, first powered and controlled flight

1852

David Schwarz, flying dirigible

1896

LZ 129 - aka The Hindenburg

1936

Hindenburg Explodes, massive win for humanity

1937

All rigid airships scrapped

1941

L14-2, 2.) First Airplanes

Chinese experiment with manned kites

500

Yan Huangtou first prisoner to survive

550

Eilmer of Malmesbury

1101 - 1200

Cayley's first 'controlled' flight

1850

Ader's first airplane

1886

Ader's 2nd airplane

1890

Wright brothers first flyer

1903

Richard Pearse first flight

1903

Wright flyer II

1904

Wright flyer III

1905

Wrights present their plane in France

1908

Flyer III sold to US military

1909

Sikorsky S-22 Ilya

1914

L14-2, 3.) The Worst Airplanes

Dr. William Christmas, Christmas Bullet

1918

Christmas Bullet, "The safest and most efficient airplane on earth"

1918

Christmas Bullet II

1919

Caproni CA-60

1921

P-39 Aircobra

1941

Lend-Lease program

1941 - 1945

Nuclear Aircraft - the ANP

1946 - 1961

Lockheed XFV - 1

1953

L15, 1.) Jet Engines

Jens Elling, built first gas turbine

1912

Frank Whittle proposes jet engine

1929

Hans von Ohain, first successful jet engine, HeS3

1935

Frank Whittle starts Power Jets Ltd.

1936

L15, 2.) Early Jet Planes

Henri Coanda First Jet plane

1910

Hans von Ohain built Heinkel He 178

1939

Caproni Campini N.1 first flight, already obsolete

1940

Me 262 first flight

1942

Me 262 in service

1944

L15, 3.) High speed and sound barrier crises

DH 108 de Havilland Swallow (British)

1946