Thomas Braidwood and Abba Silvestri start schools in England and Italy, respectively.
First oral school for the deaf in the world in Germany
1755 - 1756
Samuel Heinicke founds the first oral school for the deaf
American School for Deaf starts Vocational Training
1817 - 1818
Important to the movement towards independence of disabled people.
Louis Braille creates a raised alphabet
1829 - 1830
American Civil War
1861 - 1865
One of the first modern wars, the Civil War made thousands of men amputees, and increased the understanding for such people.
1921 - 1922
The American Federation for the Blind, a leading advocacy group that focuses on accessibility issues for blind people. Helen Keller was a major ambassador for the federation.
Launch of Easter Seals
1935 - 1936
The program serves individuals with disabilities and their families by providing services ranging from child development centers to physical rehabilitation and job training for people with disabilities.
League for the Physically Handicapped Protests
1935 - 1936
300 members of the organization lead a sit-in for nine days to protest job discrimination by the Works Progress Administration and the the Home Relief Bureau of New York City.
Germ. Catholic Bishop preaches against euthanasia
August 1941 - 1942
Bishop Clemens von Galen calls the Nazi program "plain murder."
United Spinal Founded
1946 - 1947
The United Spinal Association is founded by paralyzed WWII veterans in NYC initially as a support group.
Ed Roberts and the Rolling Quads
1970 - 1971
Ed Roberts and peers at UC Berkeley form a program for disabled students on campus. They work to earn a $50,000 grant from the university.
1972 - 1973
In Civil Rights era, activists saw a prime opportunity to spread the acceptance of basic rights for minority groups. Activists lobbied Congress to contain language defending disabled people in the act.
1975 - 1976
The Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps was founded in D.C. It is made up of professionals, researchers, and service workers.
Protests of the San Francisco offices of Health
April 1977 - 1978
Advocates protest the secretary's refusal to sign meaningful regulations in the historic Section 504. They hosted the longest recorded history (1 month), and were successful.
ADAPT Wages War on Greyhound
1988 - 1989
ADAPT (Accessibility for Americans Disabled in Public Transportation) criticizes and lobbies against the unacceptability of then-popular Greyhound buses.
Symposium on Issues of Women with Disabilities
1995 - 1996
The First International Symposium on Issues of Women with Disabilities is held in Beijing.