Roman Empire

Main

Founding of Rome

625 BC

Rome Becomes a Republic in a Revolt against King Tarquinius

500 BC

Rome becomes Dominant Power in Italy

273 BC

The defeat of King Pyrrhus

Gaius Julius Caesar becomes Dictator and his Death

49 BC - 44 BC

49 BC: Caesar turns on Rome and becomes dictator after he defeated many rivals including former friend, Pompeji.

44 BC: Caesar killed by several senators.

A Triumvate is Formed

36 BC

Marcus Antony Octavius (Augustus) and Lepidus formed a triumvate after chasing down the remaining murderers of Caesar.

Augustus Declared Emperor & Princeps

23 BC

Augustus declared emperor, end of Republic.

High Point of Empire: The Good Emperors

96 AD - 180 AD

The Good Emperors: Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus, and Marcus Aurelius

Roman Empire Splits in 2

285 AD

Emperor Diocletian splits the Roman Empire in 2: the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire.

Convokes Council of Nicea

325 AD

Christianity becomes empire's official religion.

Empire is Permanently Split into 2

362 AD

Roman Empire is permanently split into Eastern and Western Roman Empires.

Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire) Falls

1452 AD

Eastern Roman Empire falls to Ottoman Turks. Emperor Constantine XI was the last emperor.