Roman History

Main

S.C. de Bacchanalibus

186 BC

Lex Sempronia Agraria

133 BC

Reforms of C. Gracchus

122 BC - 121 BC

Antonine Constitution of Universal Citizenship

212

Period

Roman Kingdom

758 BC - 509 BC

Early Republic

458 BC - 274 BC

Middle Republic

274 BC - 148 BC

Late Republic

147 BC - 30 BC

Augustan Era

27 BC - 13 AD

The Principate

27 BC - 235

Crisis of the Third Century

235 - 284

The Dominate

284 - 395

People

T. Maccius Plautus

254 BC - 184 BC

Q. Ennius

239 BC - 169 BC

M. Porcius Cato (Maior)

234 BC - 149 BC

L. Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus

229 BC - 160 BC

Polybius

203 BC - 120 BC

C. Marius

157 BC - 86 BC

L. Cornelius Sulla Felix

138 BC - 78 BC


~-138—-78
-88 Cos. I, invades Rome, exiles Marius
-87 Fights Mithridates
-83 Civil war w Marius
-82/1 Dictator Legibus Faciendis et Rei Publicae Constituendae Cuasa
-79 Retires
-78 dies

M. Licinius Crassus

115 BC - 53 BC

M. Tullius Cicero

106 BC - 43 BC

Cn. Pompeius Magnus

106 BC - 48 BC

C. Julius Caesar

100 BC - 44 BC

M. Porcius Cato Uticensis

95 BC - 46 BC

P. Clodius Pulcher

93 BC - 53 BC

Marcus Antonius

83 BC - 30 BC

C. Julius Caesar Octavianus

63 BC - 14 AD

Livy

59 BC - 17 AD

L. Aelius Sejanus

20 BC - 31 AD

after +2: appointed Prefect of Praetorians
Feuded with Drusus
+23: Death of Drusus, Tiberius retires to Capri
+25 Tries to mary Livilla, Tiberius stops him
+31 Arrested and executed

Germanicus Julius Caesar

16 BC - 19 AD

Pliny the Elder

23 AD - 79 AD

Flavius Josephus

37 ad - 100 ad

Tacitus

56 AD - 117 AD

Suetonius

70 AD - 130

Mani

216 - 276

C. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus

244 - 311

Flavius Claudius Iulianus

331 - 363

Rulers

"First Triumvirate"

60 BC - 53 BC

Lex Titia

43 bc

Second Triumvirate

43 BC - 33 BC

Augustus

27 BC - 13 AD

Julio-Claudian Dynasty

27 BC - 68 AD

Tiberius

14 AD - 37 AD

C. Caligula

37 AD - 41 AD

Claudius

41 AD - 54 AD

Nero

54 AD - 68 AD

THE YEAR OF FOUR EMPERORS

69 AD

Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Vespasian

Flavian Dynasty

69 AD - 96 AD

Vespasian

69 AD - 79 AD

Titus

79 AD - 81 AD

Domitian

81 AD - 96 AD

Antonine Dynasty

96 AD - 192

Including Nerva

Nerva

96 AD - 98 AD

First of "The Five Good Emperors"

Trajan

98 AD - 117

Hadrian

117 - 138

Antoninus Pius

138 - 161

Marcus Aurelius

161 - 180

Last of the "Five Good Emperors"

Lucius Verus

161 - 169

Commodus

180 - 192

Year of Five Emperors

193

Pertinax, Didius Julianus, Pescennius Niger, Clodius ALbinus, Septimius Severus

Severan Dynasty

193 - 235

Septimius Severus

193 - 211

Caracalla

198 - 217

Geta

209 - 211

(Macrinus)

217 - 218

Elagabalus

218 - 222

Alexander Severus

222 - 235

Maximinus Thrax

235 - 238

Year of Six Emperors

238

Maximinus Thrax
Gordian I & Gordian II
Puienus & Balbinus
Gordian III

Gordian III

238 - 244

Philip the Arab

244 - 249

Decius

249 - 251

Trebonianus Gallus

251 - 253

Aemilianus

253

Valerian

253 - 260

193—264

Gallienus

253 - 268

Claudius Gothicus

268 - 270

Quintillus

270

Aurelian

270 - 275

Marcus Claudius Tacitus

275 - 276

Florian

276

Probus

276 - 282

Carus

282 - 283

Carinus

283 - 285

Numerian

283 - 284

Diocletian

284 - 305

Maximian

285 - 305

The Tetrarchy

293 - 324

Constantinian Dynasty

304 - 263

Constantius I Chlorus

305 - 306

Galerius

305 - 311

Flavius Valerius Severus

306 - 307

Constantine I

306 - 337

Licinius

308 - 324

Maximinus II Daia

308 - 313

Constantine II

337 - 340

Constantius II

337 - 361

Constans

337 - 350

Magnentius

350 - 353

Julian the Apostate

355 - 363

Wars

ROME FOUNDED

754 BC

Brennus' invasion

387 BC

First Punic War

264 BC - 241 BC

Second Punic War

218 BC - 201 BC

First Macedonian War

214 BC - 205 BC

Second Macedonian War

200 BC - 197 BC

Rome vs. Philip V
Flaminius
"Freedom for the Greeks"

Flaminius: "Freedom"; Antiochus III crosses Hellespont

196 BC

The Syrian War

192 BC - 188 BC

Antiochus III the Great crosses Hellespont to "liberate" Asia
Hannibal comes to help.
The Romans kick his ass. Not only does he not acquire Asia, he loses all territory west of the Taurus mountains.

The Pyrrhic War

180 BC - 175 BC


Rome inadvertantly(?) violates treaty with Tarentum, fleet attacked.
Diplomatic Mission to Tarentum fails disastrously.
Pyrrhus lands. Battle of Heraclea.
Rome refuses to negotiate so long as Pyrrhus in in Italy. Calls in aid from Carthage.
Battle of Beneventum. Pyrrhus leaves. Tarentum musy surrender.

Third Macedonian War

171 BC - 168 BC

Third Punic War

149 BC - 146 BC

The Social War

91 BC - 88 BC

Battle of Chaeronea

86 BC

Sulla defeats Mithridates

Civil War of Marius and Sulla

83 BC

Battle of Actium

31 BC

Clades Variana

9 AD

Arminius defeats Romans at Teutoberger Wald

The Jewish War

66 AD - 73 AD

Destruction of the Temple

70 AD

The Kitos War

115 - 117

The Bar Kokhva Revold

132 - 136

ROME FALLS TO ODOACER

476

Foreign events and rulers

Nectanebo II

360 BC - 343 BC

Alexander The Great

336 BC - 323 BC

Seleucid Dynasty

312 BC - 63 BC

Ptolemaic Dynasty

305 BC - 30 BC

Antigonid Dynasty of Macedon

294 BC - 168 BC

Attalid Dynasty of Pergamon

282 BC - 133 BC

Arsaces I

250 BC - 246 BC

Or maybe 211 BC

Perseus of Macedon

179 BC - 166 BC


Born ~212
Son of Philip V. Convinced father to execute brother Demetrius, whom the Romans favored.
Reiged 179—166
Third Macedonian War -171—-168, ending in battle of Pydna
Surrendered to L. Aemilius Paullus.

C. Popillius Laenas forces Antiochus IV Epiphanes to retreat.

168 BC

Maccabean Kingdom

167 BC - 160 BC

Partition of Macedonia

167 BC

Paullus divides Macedonia after 3rd war into four autonomous principalities w limited connubium/commercium. Military only on northern, Thracian border.
Creates senates in each, surely based on favorability to Rome. Property requirements: favorable? Kallet-Marx thinks not.
Aristocratic "guests."
At this point, Macedonia may or may not be a province, but by Meyer's definition it is part of the "Empire."

Philip VI Andriscus

149 BC - 148 BC

Claimed to be son of Perseus
Requested help from Demtrius Soter, who handed him over to Romans.
But he escaped, raised an army, and wrested Macedonia.
Conquered Thessaly, made alliance with Carthage
Defeated at Pydna, like Perseus.
Afterwards Romans apparently establish a garrison and/or governor.

Hasmonean Dynasty in Judea

140 BC - 37 BC

Mithradates VI of Pontus

119 BC - 63 BC

Born 134 BC

Cleopatra VII Philopator

69 BC - 30 BC

Herodian Dynasty in Judea

37 BC - 92 AD

Artaxares I

226 - 240

Sapor I

241 - 271