The Evolution on Children's Literature from 1800's -present
Eighteenth Century Children's Literature
The only books for children circulating are literature on good behavior and proper social conduct.
some children's books are established and translated
1706 - 1729
Arabian Nights translated into English, Robinson Crusoe, Gullivers Travels and Perrault's Fairy Tales are translated into English
1737 letters for reading
The widow from Phillip Stanhope sold the letters that Phillip's father sent him about advice about about life, etiquette and courtesy. These letters were common reading for eighteenth century children
Children's books entered a new era
John Newberry published A Little Pretty Pocket book in 1744. Also Little Tommy, Pretty Miss Polly and possibly Moother Goose's Melody.
Children's Literature is varied and plentiful!
So much literature for children is developed such as journals, comedy, travel, geography, morals, grammars, languages etc!
Adventure for Australia, Britain and America!
1800 - 1900
Children's literature took on an adventure theme and was aimed at boys. This was around the time of pioneering for land, convicts and natural threats of exploring colonies were happening which inspired the writing.
These are very inexpensive books with black ink illustrations that were sold on the streets
Nineteenth Century Children's Literature
The Grimm brothers Popular Stories are translated and a story ny Clement. C . Moore called A Visit from St Nicholas is published
A Mother's Offering to Her Children
first Australian children's literature released which is more about advice from Mother to children in dialogue.
Fairytales and fantasy creep back in again
1846 - 1894
Edward Lear writes The Book of Nonsense and is published.
Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersan is translated and circulated. The Merry Adventures of Robin hood. The Adventures of Pinocchio. Fairytales are revisited ( they were around in 16th Century but moralists fought for them to be banned).
Cursed Baubalt women dominate
A Sunday school inspired movement of women writers are dominating children's literature. This is influenced from the Church of England.
children are not treated as individuals
Around this time there is a hint of regarding children as property and not individuals
classics are released
1865 - 1869
Books such as Alice's Adventure in Wonderland, Little Women, Twenty Thousand Leagues Under The sea are written are published.
Children's rights become more valued
A children's writer, Hesba Strelton ( Sarah Smith) was a writer who founded London Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
tug of war between instructional and entertainment
Seven Little Australian's- family tales
In Australia, this was a time where people had settled and society had taken on social order and stories about families surfaced as interesting literature for children to read
The Wizard of Oz and many classics surface
1900 - 1910
The Wizard of Oz, The Tale of Peter Rabbit, Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, The Wind in the Willows, The Secret Garden and many others come out
Changes in literature about Aboriginal people
1905 - 1941
The once racist literature about Aboriginal people being savages started to evolve
Elves, fairies, gumnut babies and koalas in Australia
Australian children's stories focused on landscape and fantasy in the bush tool place. Writer and illustrators such as May Gibbs, Rentoul Outhwaite, Dorothy Wall were prevalent
Newberry Medal etablished
The prestigious Newberry Medal is made to celebrate distinguised children's writers.
Winnie the Pooh
written by Ernest. H. Shepherd
After WW2- tone changed in children's literature
1937 - 1945
it was said that post war books had an educational emphasis and writers would include social issues in the literature at that time
1950's childhood lost?
it was said that childhood dissappeared under issues such as dress codes, hairstyles, juvenille crime, exploitation from the fashion industry
Many more classics released
1950 - 1963
Pippi Longstocking, Charlotte's Web, Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl, Anne Frank, The Cat in the Hat, Where the Wild Things Are to name a few
Writers attempt to eliminate sexual, racial and social stereotypes
Modern Australian picture books
Modern Australian picture books are made and eventually evolve from being just for the baby/ child to using clever language and metaphors to speak to the parents also.
Judy Bloome books aimed at teenagers were very popular
Experimentation, swearing and writing in first person
a significant time of freedom where writers explored in writing children's literature such as using idioms and free language.
Gillian Rubinstien breaks taboo against using the four letter F word. Short story's also start to become popular.
Diversity, post modern literature
Writers use psyche, naturalism, adventure, family and contemporary theories are developed
Orbis Pictus Awards for nonfiction created
Post colonial literature surfaces
Literature about the stolen generations and stories from Aboriginal people from their perspective are published
Pura Belpere Award for excellence in Latino literature
Harry Potter comes out by J.K Rowling
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone is a universal hit
The Birchbark House by Louise Edrich is released
Robert. F. Silbert Award
The Robert. F. Silbert Informational Book Award established for distginguished work of nonfiction for children