AP World History Review Timeline


Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Had many voyages.
Most autocratic of all dynasties.
Forbidden City was built in 15th century.

Prince Henry the Navigator


Portuguese royal prince
Started oceanic navigation school
Taught astronomical observatory classes

Northern Renaissance in Europe


The Americas
Occurred after the Medieval Times
Occurred in Italy before moving north.

The Ottoman Empire gains control over Constinople


The Middle East
Ruled by Turks
Mehmed II took over Constinople.
Large cannons were used

Constantinople falls: end of Byzantine Empire; rise of Ottoman Empire


the loss of Anatolia to the Ottoman Turks
social inequalities between the rich and the poor
the divisions in the Byzantine commonwealth of States between the Slavs and the Greeks

Much of Russia freed by Ivan II (Ivan the Great) from Tartars


The Americas

Songhay ruler Sunni Ali

1464 - 1493

He was the 15th consecutive ruler of the Sonni dynasty
Known as the magician of great power
He mixed an unorthodox observance of Islam and African tradition

Songhai Empire

1464 - 1591

Zheng He led major expeditions
Also spelled Songhay
Religion is Islamic

Francis Pizzaro

1474 - 1541

Spanish conquistador explorer
Conquered the Incas
Founded Lima(modern day Peru)

Formation of single Spanish monarchy


The Americas

Expulsion of Tartars from Russia


The Americas

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Attacked sell indulgences in Catholic Church
Called for a reform
Wrote the 95 Theses

Hernan Cortes

1485 - 1547

Defeated the Aztec Empire
Claimed Mexico from Spain
Joined an expedition to Cuba

Bartolomeu Dias


Discoverer of Cape of Good Hope
Explored the coast of Africa
Also known as Bartholomew Diaz

India- Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama reaches India

1497 - 1498

First explorer to reach India
He fought his way out of the harbor
He led a squadron of ships to Calicut

Vasco da Gama (Portugal) to India


Nominated as Portuguese viceroy
Wasn't greeted warmly by the Muslim merchants
He died in Cochin

Japan centralization emerges


India- Malacca Port at height


China exploration stops


Misunderstanding of Zheng He's voyages
Chinese knew the ports around the Indian Ocean
The use of hajj

Introduction of African slaves in Latin America


Safavid Dynasty rules Iran


Southeast Asia- Portuguese conquest of Goa


Martin Luther’s 95 Theses; beginning of the Protestant Revolution


Salvation can be reached through faith
He was selling indulgences
He wrote "Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences," also known as "The 95 Theses,"

Southeast Asia- Coastal cities and trade disrupted by pirates

1520 - 1560

Oceania- Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan enters the Pacific


Mughal Empire in India

1526 - 1761

Religious Wars between France, Germany, and Britain

1550 - 1649

Beginning of the British slave trade in Africa


Mita forced mine-labor system in Andean Spanish America

1574 - 1800

Defeat of Spanish Armada by English


Fall of Songhai Dynasty


Sonni Ali died and he was not a Muslim
Sonni Ali was betrayed by Berber-Arab scholars

Korea fights off Japan


Japan Tokngawn Shaguntae


China famines and peasants revolt


British East India Company founded


English East India Company


The establishment

Dutchmen Williem Jansz explore the western coast of Cape York Peninsula


The construction of the Blue Mosque under Ahmed II began


Thirty Years' War

1618 - 1648

Calvinists began to demand recognition of their rights
War begun as a direct result of a conflict in the Hapsburg-ruled Kingdom of Bohemia.
The Peace of Augsburg of 1555 had brought a temporary truce in the religious connect in the German states

Korea fights off Manchuria

1627 - 1636

Southeast Asia-Famines and peasant rebellions

1630 - 1640

India- Taj Mahal built

1632 - 1653

John Locke

1632 - 1704

He was a philosopher
He was a leader during the Enlightment period
He developed the Two Treatises

Japan's National Seelusion Policy


English Civil War

1642 - 1649

Personality of Charles I was a major cause of the English Civil War
Monarchy started to decline under the rule of James I
Charles ruled by the Court of Star Chamber

Isaac Newton

1642 - 1727

He was an established physicist and mathematician
He was a credited as one of the great minds of Scientific Revolution
He wrote Philosophiae, Natrualis, Principia Mathematica

French King Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

Became king in 1643
He invaded Spanish Netherlands
He engaged France in the Franco-Dutch War

Southeast Asia- Manchus Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1911

Southeast Asia- Emperor Kangxi

1661 - 1722

China Kangxi starts the Enlightened Chinese style

1662 - 1722

War between Kongo and Portugal


Glorious Revolution


Also known as the Bloodless Revolution
Started with the deposition of James II and the accession of William III and Mary II
The Declaration of Rights and the Bill of Rights (1689) redefined the relationship between monarch and subjects and barred any future Catholic succession to the throne.

Peter the Great

1689 - 1725

Russian czar
He was best known for his extensive reforms
He created a strong navy, reorganized his army according to Western standards, secularized schools, administered greater control over the reactionary Orthodox Church, and introduced new administrative and territorial divisions of the country.

English adventurer William Dampier name Shark's Bay, Western Austrailia


Ottomans ceded Hungary to Europe in the Treaty of Karlowitz


China civil exam service


Korea was influenced by the Europeans


Chinese porcelain and other trade goods make its way into Borneo


High point in African slave trade




European politics, philosophy, science and communications
Also known as the Age of Reason
Enlightenment produced books,essays,laws,inventions,scientific discoveries,and wars and revolutions.

Treaty of Passarowitz signed


Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen is the first European to explore Samoa


George Washington`

1732 - 1799

The first President of the United States
Ranked major in Virginia's militia
Adopted a series of measures to get the nation out of debt and set some financial grounding.

Southeast Asia-Emperor Qianlong

1736 - 1795

Pope controversy ends


Touissaint Louverture

1744 - 1803

Trained his followers in tactics of guerrilla warfare
Renowned for ending slavery on the island
He discerned the ineptitude of the rebel leaders and scorned their willingness to compromise with European radicals