Industrial Revolution Timeline

Main

Enclosures

1700

In the 1700s, British Parliament alleviated enclosures using legislation.

Population Increase

1700 - 1800

Between 1700 and 1800 the population in Britain went from approximately 5 million to 9 million. In the whole of Europe the population went up roughly 60 million people.

Jethro Tull

1701

Jethro Tull created the Seed Drill which planted seeds in rows instead of scattered on the ground. Picture - The Industrial Revolution

Abraham Darby

1709

In 1709, Abraham Darby tried using coal instead of the commonly used charcoal to separate iron from it's ore. This created an iron with better-quality that wasn't as expensive.

Steam Engine

1712

In 1712, Thomas Newcomen invented the first steam engine. The steam engine is powered by coal and used to pump water out of mines. Picture - Thomas Newcomen

Methodism

1750

In the mid 1700s, John Wesley created the Methodist movement. He thought people needed faith and wanted others to act in a moral way.

James Watt

1764

James Watt made improvements on the steam engine that was originally created by Thomas Newcomen. Picture - Steam Engine

Richard Arkwright

1769

In 1769, Richard Arkwright created his invention, the water frame. The water frame was a spinning machine that ran off of water. Picture - Water Frame

Eli Whitney

1793

Eli Whitney played a huge role in the cotton and textile industry when he created the cotton gin. The cotton gin was a machine that could separate cotton seeds from the cotton. Picture - Cotton Gin

Rail Line

1830

The first major rail line for the world was created in 1830. It was from Liverpool to Manchester.