Why had international peace collapsed by 1939?
Hitler began increasing Germany's military by huge percents
+Warships+- 1932: 30 ships
1939: 95 ships
+Aircraft+- 1932: 36 planes
1939: 8,250 planes
+Soldiers+- 1932: 100,000 people
1939: 950,000 people
The League of Nations held the promised plebiscite for people to vote on whether their region should return to German rule.
90% of the population voted to return to German rule
Big morale booster for Hitler
The Stresa Pact was signed by France, Britain, and Italy.
Protesting the rearmament in Germany
And commitment to stand united against Germany
Germany and Japan signed it in 1936
Italy signed in 1937
The aim of the pact was to limit Communist influence around the world: Aimed at the USSR
now called the Axis alliance
Between Nationalists (Fascists) and Republicans (Communists and Socialists)
The League of Nations looked on helplessly
Germany re-militarized the Rhineland region.
France refused to act without British support and so Hitler's gamble paid off.
-German speaking section of Czechoslovakia
Hitler wanted to take over the Sudetenland
However the USSR, Britain, and France promised Czechoslovakia support if it came to war.
The Munich Agreement: the League of Nations decided to give Hitler what he wanted.
They didn't consult the Czechs nor did they consult the USSR.
The annexation of Austria into Germany
Schuschnigg held a plebiscite asking the Austrian people if they supported the union
99.75% voted for Anschluss while under the watch of Nazis
They did not trust Hitler after the Munich Agreement
In 1939, Germany troops took over the rest of the country
Between Italy and Germany
Between Russia (Ribbentrop) and Germany (Molotov)
- agreed not to attack one another
- agreed to divide Poland between them
- Germany was to invade from the West
- USSR was to invade from the East
German soldiers invaded Poland from the west and the Soviets invaded from the east.
On September 3rd Britain and France declared war on Germany
Pros- Britain and other Allied countries were not ready for war
Cons- It encouraged Hitler to continue invading Germany's land lost by the Treaty of Versailles
- Wanted to abolish the Treaty of Versailles
- Expand German territory
- Defeat Communism