Human Rights

Main

Philosophical Works

Notable Figures

Plato

0424 BC - 0347 BC

Greek Philosopher

Aristotle

0384 B.C. - 0322 B.C.

Greek Philosopher

Cicero

0106 BC - 0043 BC

Roman Politician and theorist

Thomas Aquinas

1225 CE - 1274 CE

Christian theologian

Silvestro Mazzolini da Prierio

1456 CE - 1523 CE

Italian religious philosopher

Hugo Grotius

10 April 1583 - 28 August 1645

Extremely influential natural rights theorist

Thomas Hobbes

5 April 1588 - 4 December 1679

Natural Rights, political philosopher, British

John Locke

29 August 1632 - 28 October 1704

Political philosopher, natural rights, English, Two treatises on government

Immanuel Kant

22 April 1724 - 12 February 1804

German philosopher, natural rights

Edmund Burke

1729 - 1797

Anti-natural rights

Thomas Paine

1737 - 1809

Political philosopher

Jeremy Bentham

1748 - 1832

anti-natural rights

John Stuart Mill

1806 - 1873

Utilitarian and political philosopher

Karl Marx

1818 - 1883

Marxist

Wesley Hohfeld

1879 - 1918

Wesley Newcomb Hohfeld, developed the hohfeld analysis

John Rawls

1921 - 2002

Rawlsian justice

Robert Nozick

1938 - 2002

natural rights?

Historical Events

The Americas colonized, indigenous people killed

1492 - 1890

Catholic-Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

Industrial Revolution

1760 - 1870

First revolution around 1760-around 1830
second 1840-1870

"The Great Game" in Persia

1813 - 1907

Russo-Persian Treaty of 1813 to the Anglo-Russian Convention of Russo-Persian Treaty of 1813 to the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907

Berlin Conference --Scramble for Africa

1884

Colonization of Africa

1885 - 1960

Age of Imperialism

1890 - 1950

World War I

1914 - 1918

Involved:

Germany
Austria-Hungary
Italy
Ottoman Empire
Bulgaria

GB
France
Russia
US

Imperialism, nationalism, trade,

Armenian, Assyrian, Greek Genocides

1915 - 1920

Ottoman Ot

Soviet Crimes Against Humanity

1919 - 1938

Famines, porgroms

Soviet Union

1922 - 1991

Holocaust

1933 - 1945

World War II

1939 - 1945

Axis

ICJ est.

1945

Human Rights Commission

1946 - 2006

The United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) was a functional commission within the overall framework of the United Nations from 1946 until it was replaced by the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2006

Decolonization and Independence in Africa

1951 - 1976

Khmer Rouge/Cambodian Genocide

1975 - 1979

Rwandan Genocide

1994

Srebrencia Genocide (Bosnia/Herzegovina)

1994

ICC

1998

Ca

Genocide in Darfur

2003 - 2007

wrr

UNHRC est.

2006

United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)

Milestones in Law and Politics

treaties, charters, etc.

The Peace of Westphalia

1648

The U.S. Declaration of Independence

1776

Déclaration des droits de l'homme et du citoyen

1789

Convention [against] human trafficking and prostitution

1948 - 1949

CONVENTION FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF THE TRAFFIC OF PERSONS AND THE EXPLOITATION OF THE PROSTITUTION OF OTHERS (adopted 1949):prohibiting forced prostitution and the sex-trafficking in women and girls.

CONVENTION ON THE PREVENTION OF GENOCIDE

1948 - 1951

CONVENTION ON THE PREVENTION AND PUNISHMENT OF THE CRIME OF GENOCIDE (approved 1948, entered into force 1951): International CONVENTION defining and prohibiting GENOCIDE; first human rights TREATY of the United Nations.

Convention on Refugees

1951 - 1967

CONVENTION RELATING TO THE STATUS OF REFUGEES (adopted 1951; entered into force 1954; revised by 1967 Protocol): Main CONVENTION establishing the definition of a REFUGEE and stating the rights of refugees and obligations of receiving states; defines a refugee as a person who has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion and who is outside the country of origin. Uprooted people who stay within their country are known as DISPLACED PEOPLE.

Convention on Equal Pay for Men and Women

1953

ONVENTION CONCERNING EQUAL REMUNERATION FOR MEN AND WOMEN WORKERS FOR WORK OF EQUAL VALUE: 1953 ILO Convention declaring that men and women should have equal wages for equal work.

CONVENTION ON THE POLITICAL RIGHTS OF WOMEN

1953 - 1954

CONVENTION ON THE POLITICAL RIGHTS OF WOMEN (approved 1953; entered into force 1954): Early CONVENTION re-affirming women's rights in the political sphere.

CERD

1965 - 1969

CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION (CERD) (adopted 1965; entered into force 1969): defining and prohibiting racial discrimination.

CEDAW

1979 - 1981

ONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN (CEDAW) (adopted 1979; entered into force 1981): The first legally binding international document prohibiting discrimination against women and obligating governments to take steps to advance the equality of women; draws no distinction between public and private life; does not accept CULTURE as an excuse for discrimination; establishes the COMMITTEE ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN as the TREATY MONITORING BODY for the CONVENTION. See also GENERAL RECOMMENDATION 19, VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN. (Also COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN (CSW): Body formed by the ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL (ECOSOC) of the United Nations as the principal UN policy-making body for women; monitors implementation of the BEIJING PLATFORM FOR ACTION.)

Convention Against Torture

1984 - 1987

CONVENTION AGAINST TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMANE OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT (adopted 1984; entered into force 1987): CONVENTION defining and prohibiting torture.

Convention of Indigenous Peoples

1989

CONVENTION CONCERNING INDIGENOUS AND TRIBAL PEOPLES IN INDEPENDENT COUNTRIES: 1989 focusing on the responsibility of States to develop coordinated and systematic plans to protect the rights of indigenous peoples.

CRC

1989 - 1990

CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD (CRC) (adopted 1989; entered into force 1990): setting forth a full spectrum of civil, cultural, economic, social and political rights of children.

CONVENTION ON RIGHTS OF MIGRANT WORKERS

1990 - 1998

CONVENTION ON THE PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF MIGRANT WORKERS AND MEMBERS OF THEIR FAMILIES (adopted 1990; not yet entered into force in 1998): defining the rights of migrant workers and their families.