History of Bilingual Education-EDU321

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First law to allow Bilingual Education

1839

Ohio passes the first law to officially allow bilingual education. The law permitted German-English instruction on the request of the parent.

French-English instruction allowed.

1847

Louisiana passes law allowing for French-English instruction.

Native Americans prohibited from own language

1864

Congress passes a law prohibiting Native Americans from being taught in own language.

Spanish instruction in public elementary schools

1870

New Mexico passes a law recognizing and permitting Spanish instruction.

Bennett Act and Edwards Act

1889

Children 8 years old to 14 years old in public and private schools instructed in English in reading, writing, and arithmetic and American History.

English-only instruction mandated in 34 states

1923

Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)

1965

Passed by President Johnson, it outlined and provided funds for educational programs such as the Bilingual Education program.

ESEA, Title VII

1967

BEA became federal statute under Title VII of the ESEA amendment.

Bilingual Education Act

1968

Mandated that schools provide Bilingual Education programs and provided federal funding to encourage local schools to incorporate native-language instruction.

Proposition 187 (California)

1994

Denied illegal immigrants to public education, but was ruled unconstitutional in 1998.

Proposition 227

1998

All public school instruction was to be instructed in English and restricted the use of native language.

No Child Left Behind Act

2001

Originally the Bilingual Education/Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1964, mandated that each state measure every student's progress in reading and math. It also required that all teachers in the Bilingual Education programs be fluent in English and any other language used in classroom.