Microbiology Timeline

Main

Ferdinand J. Cohn

1875

Ferdinand J. Cohn helps with the discovery of bacteriology. Cohn publishes his findings, calling it Bacillus.

Robert Koch

1876

Robert Koch publishes his work on the disease, Anthrax, which is caused directly by a bacterium.

Joseph Lister

1878

Joseph Lister publishes his work on how milk souring is caused. Later called the bacteria, Bacterium lactis.

Louis Pasteur

1880

Louis Pasteur creates a way to attenuate (replicates in the host cell, but does not cause diseases) a virus pathogen for protection against different types of diseases. This concept was inspired by Jenner's smallpox vaccination.

ILya ILich (Elie) Metchnikoff

1882

ILya ILich (Elie) Metchnikoff introduced a theory of cellular immunity where certain body cells move to attack damaged cells.

Martinus Beijerinck

1889

Martinus Beijerinck demonstrates that using enrichment culture creates the conditions for bacterium growth.

Paul Ehrlich

1891

Paul Ehrlich theorized that antibodies were a form of immunity to toxins and diseases.

Dmitri Ivanowski

1892

Dmitri Ivanowski publishes his findings on the virus of tabacco mosaic disease.

Society of American Bacteriologists

1899

December 27, 1899 - December 29, 1899, a meeting among the Society of American Bacteriologists was held at Yale. The Society of American Bacteriologist devoted their time to the promotion and service of bacteriology in the United States. Later known as the American Society for Microbiology.

Walter Reed

1900

Walter Reed indicated that yellow fever is caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes. Mosquitoes eradication programs began by the Yellow Fever Commission.

Francis Peyton Rous

1911

Francis Peyton Rous discovers that a virus causes cancer in chickens.

Frederick Twort

1915

Frederick Twort had first discovered bacteriophage.

Sydney Brenner, Francois Jacob, and Matthew Meselson

1961

Sydney Brenner, Francois Jacob, and Matthew Meselson uses infected bacteria to demonstrate that ribosomes are where proteins synthesis occurs and show that messenger RNA exists.

Smallpox

1979

Smallpox is officially announced eliminated

Stanley Prusiner

1982

Stanley Prusiner finds an infection, he calls prions, causes a fatal neurodegenerative disease in sheeps', called scrapie.

Luc Montaigner and Robert Gallo

1983

Luc Montaigner and Robert Gallo broadcasts their findings of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which is then believed to be the cause of AIDS