Unit 6

Unit 6

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

June 28, 1914

The Archduke of Austria would be assassinated on a bridge called the Latin bridge in Sarajovo. This assassination was driven by the fact that people wanted Austruria and Hungarys south-slav provinces to break up.

Gallipoli Campaign

1915 - 1916

A joint British and French operation was mounted to capture the Ottoman capital of Constantinople (Istanbul) and secure a sea route to Russia.

Japan's 21 demands on China

1915

A set of demands made by the Empire of Japan under Prime Minister Ōkuma Shigenobu sent to the nominal government of China on January 18, 1915, resulting in two treaties with Japan on May 25, 1915.

Bolshevik Revolution

1917 - 1923

A seizure of state power instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917

German resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare

1917

The lethal threat of the German U-boat submarine raises its head again, as Germany returns to the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare it had previously suspended in response to pressure from the United States and other neutral countries.

Arab-Israeli War

1920 - 2013

A political tension and military conflicts between the Arab League and Israel. The root of this conflict lies in the rise of Zionism and Arab nationalism.

First meeting of League of Nations

1920

An intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.

Lenin's New Economic Policy

1921

An economic policy proposed by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who called it state capitalism. It was a new, more capitalism- oriented economic policy necessary after the Civil War to raise the economy of the country, which was almost ruined.

Ataturk proclaims Republic of Tukey

1924

A series of political, legal, social, economical, and cultural policy changes that were designed to convert the Republic of Turkey into a secular nation state.

First Five Year Plan

1928 - 1932

a list of economic goals, created by Joseph Stalin and based off his policy of Socialism in One Country, that was designed to strengthen the country's economy between 1928 and 1932.

Civil disobedience movement in India

1930

One of the most significant freedom struggle movements of the country. Led by Gandhi in 1930.

Invasion of China by Japan

September 18, 1931 - February 27, 1932

This event occurred when Manchuria was invaded by the Kwantung Army. The Japanese created a puppet-state called Manchukuo.

Hitler becomes ruler of Germany

1934 - 1945

An Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the Nazi Party.

Long March by Chinese Communists

1934 - 1935

A military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China, the forerunner of the People's Liberation Army, to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang army.

German Anschluss on Austria

1938

The first major steps of Adolf Hitler's creation of a Greater German Reich which was to include all ethnic German and all the lands and territories which the German Empire had lost after World War I.

Cardenas nationalizes oil industry in Mexico

March 18 1938

The expropriation of all oil reserves, facilities, and foreign oil companies in Mexico on March 18, 1938.

Invasion of Poland by Germany

September 1, 1939 - October 6, 1939

Many say this event was the beginning to WW2. Germany invaded from the north, south, and west making it very hard for the Polish to place their army in the correct places needed in order to try and stop the Germans.

German Invasion of USSR

1941

An ambitious operation was driven by Adolf Hitler's persistent desire to conquer the Soviet territories.

Establishment of United Nations

1942

The name "United Nations", coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942.

D-Day

June 6, 1944

This is an event where 160,000 allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of beach to fight against Nazi Germany in Normandy, France.

Capture of Berlin by Soviet Forces

April 16 1945 - May 2 1945

After weeks of firings and shootings towards the inside of Berlin Germany drafts a surrender and the Soviets accept, which means that Berlin has fallen.

Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

August 6, 1945 - August 9, 1945

These bombings came during WW2 and was a response to the events that happened in Pearl Harbor. Thousands of Japanese died in this terrible event.

Apartheid in South Africa

1948 - 1994

This was a time in Africa's history when the majority of their black inhabitants were curtailed. This apartheid was developed after WW2 by the Afikaner-dominated National Party.

The Creation of Israel

May 14 1948

On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. U.S. President Harry S. Truman recognized the new nation on the same day.

Establishment of NATO

1949

An intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.

People's republic of China

October 1 1949

On October 1, 1949, the People's Republic of China was formally established, with its national capital at Beijing.

Korean War

June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953

This was a war between South Korea, who was backed by the United Nations, and North Korea, who was backed by the peoples republic of China. This war may have ended a while ago, but the conflict is still going on between the two countries.

French Defeat at Dien Bien Phu

1954

the climactic confrontation of the First Indochina War between the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps and Viet Minh communist-nationalist revolutionaries.

Algerian War of Liberation

1954 - 1958

A complex insurgency and civil war in Algeria that aimed at national liberation for the Arab Majority. It ended up being a very violent and bloody war between the Arabs and Europeans of the region.

Establishment of Warsaw Pact

1955

A mutual defense treaty between eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe in existence during the Cold War.

Vietnam War

November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975

A battle fought by North Vietnam and South Vietnam who was backed by the U.S. and other anti-communist countries. Both the U.S. and South Vietnam lost many men in this war.

Great Leap Forward

1958 - 1961

An economic and social campaign of the Communist Party of China (CPC), reflected in planning decisions from 1958 to 1961, which aimed to use China's vast population to rapidly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a modern communist society through the process of rapid industrialization and collectivization.

Division of Germany and Berlin

1961 - 1989

The Berlin Wall was both the physical division between West Berlin and East Germany from 1961 to 1989 and the symbolic boundary between democracy and Communism during the Cold War.

The construction of the Berlin wall

August 13 1961

A barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.

The creation of the PLO

1964

The Palestine Liberation Organization is an organization created in 1964 with the purpose of creating an independent State of Palestine.

Castro comes to power in Cuba

1976

A Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who was Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and President from 1976 to 2008.

Iran-Iraq War

September 1980 - August 1988

Also known as The First Persian Gulf War, this war was the 20th century's longest conventional war. Iraq would be the first to invade Iran in both the air and on land.

Persian Gulf War

August 2, 1990 - February 28, 1991

The United States contributed many U.S. troops and so did the United Kingdom and Egypt. This war started because of the fact that Iraq had made an invade and annexation of Kuwait.

The collapse of the USSR

December 26 1991

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was formally dissolved on 26 December 1991.