LIT 369: Zenzele Group Timeline

Zimbabwe

Occupied and Renamed "Rhodesia" (1893)

1893

Cecil Rhodes (The British South African Company) occupies the region and called the territory Rhodesia

Self-Governing British Colony (1923)

1923

Land Apportionment Act (1930)

1930

gave half of the country’s land to whites and set up native reserves for blacks

Black Opposition to Colonial Rule

1930 - 1970

formation of Nationalist groups

Voting Restricted to Whites Only (1961)

1961

Birth of Nozipo Maraire (1964)

1964

Birth Zenele's author, Nozipo Maraire

Civil War

1965 - 1979

Rhodesian Bush War: Rhodesian Army vs. "freedom fighters" with assistance from Zambia and Mozambique

Independent Nation of Zimbabwe (1971)

1979

April 1979: Election resulted in a majority of black leaders
April: Abel T. Muzorewa became the first black Prime Minister
31 May: Zimbabwe proclaimed independence
1 June: The nation of Zimbabwe, formerly Rhodesia, was formed

18 April 1980: Great Britain recognized the country's independence and Rhodesia's name was officially changed to Zimbabwe

Africa

Scramble for Africa

1880 - 1900

World-Wide

Berlin Conference

1884 - 1885

US: Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

1896

World War I

1914 - 1918

World War II

1939 - 1945

US: Brown v. Board of Education

1954

Publication of "Zenzele" (1996)

1996