With Germany forced to pay (perhaps unfair) reparations following WWI and the subsequent invasions under the casus-belli of acquiring that debts made Hitler a historical inevitability; Germany was inevitably to become a haven for ultra-nationalists whose hurt pride would lead them to be both desperate and vengeful in their pursuit of German liberation and supremacy.
in January, 1933, Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany and effectively became dictator; on August 19, 1934, Hitler becomes Fuhrer of the 3rd Reich.
Hitler's Nazi part institutes the Nuremberg Race Laws which strip Jewish-Germans of their citizenship and began the anti-Semitic holocaust.
In May, 1936, the French government signed a treaty with the USSR; 'provoked' by this treaty, a month later Germany violated the treaty of Versailles (WWI) and occupies the demilitarized Rhineland on the border of France. Surprisingly it drew little criticism
In 1936, the Italian-German alliance evolved from the anti-Comintern pact between Germany and Japan, and was later formalized as a military pact of cooperation with the Tripartite pact in 1940.
Anschluss Österreichs was the German occupation and annexation of Austria, a traditionally German land previously forbidden from union with Germany.
Or, as Czechs call it, the Munich Dictate; it ceded Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia to Germany who claimed that it belonged to them thanks to a concentration of German peoples in the area. It is regarded as one of a few acts of appeasement which were ceded to Hitler so as to avoid a second world war (because we all know that helps).
in 193 9Hitler (As well as Russia) invaded Poland and split the land between the two empires, this being the final straw for the allies France & Britain who 2 days later declared war on Germany.
Germany invades Denmark & Norway, starting its invasion of Scandinavia.
It took Hitler all of one day to annex Denmark, the shortest invasion in history. In Norway Germany occupied the country via a puppet government, with the exiled king operating ineffectivly from London.
in 1940, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania join Germany, Italy, and Japan in the Axis.
The first recorded use of gas on imprisoned Jews in the Auschwitz death camp
Allied forces drive Axis forces out of French Tunisia, ending the North African campaign.
In Italy Mussolini took power in 1922 as PM. His reign was to be characterized as a one-party dictatorship loyal to religion and for the founding of fascism; his regime was a reaction to unruly socialism elements which he proceeded to arrest, murder, and suppress. On July 24, 1943, Mussolini lost the election in the Grand Council of Fascism - the next day he was arrested by the king, formally ending his position of power.
Also known as the Second Italo–Abyssinian War; in 1935, Italy declared war on Ethiopia which it later annexed as part of Italian East Africa. This is important in that it proved the League of Nations to be a completely useless organization which could not enforce its mandates.
Japan, under false premises (Mukden incident), invades Chinese Manchuria and establishes its own puppet nation of Manchukuo (满洲国) as it expands its Empire in the Pacific & Asia. This would later lead to its reprimanding by the League of Nations and its subsequent withdrawel from afore mentioned league in 1933.
Italy, under Mussolini, expanded the Italian Empire to include Albania with less than a week's worth of fighting.
In 1940 Benito Mussolini issued Greece an ultimatum - occupation by the Italian Empire, or die. The response was "Alors, c'est la guerre", or "Then it is war".
In Yugoslavia axis forces occupied and distributed it amongst Italy, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Germany. They had to later fight the Communist Guerrilla Republican National Liberation Army.
In July, 1943, Allies conquered Southern Italy and wrestle it from Mussolini which resulted in his subsequent loss of power
Rome falls to the Allies, the 1st allied city to be captured; this opened up Berlin to Allied bombings.
The United States drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
Russia invades Manchuria in 1945 at the end of WWII attacking Japan after a 4 year long peace. After the defeat of Japan's Kwantung Army (the largest army of Japan), Japan became scared and this is found to have contributed greatly to Japanese surrender in WWII as well as the bombs. (take that 'murica!)
The United States drops an atomic bomb on Nagasaki.
The Japanese Surrender to US forces and end WWII.
In Soviet Russia, Stalin who was paranoid began the execution of anywhere from 700,000 to 2 million Russians and Russian officers - many of them members of the Bolshevik party who were seen as a threat to Stalin's supreme power.
Better understood as the Russian-German Pact of Non-Aggression, provided that Russia and Germany not attack each other so that Russia could fight Japan singularly, and Germany could take on the allies. However both knew the pact was a bunch of BS and Hitler terminated it in June of 1941 with an invasion of Russia.
Soviet Russia invades Finland & is kicked out of the League of Nations.
Nazis invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands; Winston Churchill becomes British Prime Minister.
France under the regime of Marshal Philippe Pétain from the Nazi German defeat of France; it held Southern France & its colonies, and ceded Northern France to Germany and collaborated with the Nazi German government.
In 1940, the Soviet Empire expands to include Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania - both for the strategic value of the states and to protect them from Nazi occupation.
Germany began the largest invasion in history on Russia. Hitler thought he might defeat Germany quickly... then again, so did Napoleon who also was moronic enough to fight Russia into the WINTER. Thus, despite early defeats, Russia began to win battles such as the Battle of Stalingrad which, coupled with General Winter, defeated Hitler's force.
The purpose of the Atlantic Charter was to set the goals of ending the war; the renunciation of all aggression, right to self-government, access to raw materials, freedom from want and fear, freedom of the seas, and disarmament of aggressor nations.
Or, if preferred, St. Petersburg, it was one of the longest and most destructive sieges in history, resulting in the death of 3.5 million soldiers and 1 million civilians. This city was one of the three strategic goals of operation Barbarossa.
Russian troops win victory and force German troops to retreat from Moscow which they had almost taken.
Canada joins the war against Hitler, as well as New Zealand (Sept. 3), Australia (Sept. 4), and South Africa (Sept. 10).
Roosevelt wins the US elections and maintains his 3rd election as president.
On December 7th, following a trade embargo on valuable goods, Japan bombed the US harbour in Hawaii causing the US to formally join WWII and declare war on the Axis powers.
The US pursued a strategy of Island hopping on the Japanese front using each island as a strategic naval-port/air-base pursuing the ultimate goal of achieving an island base close enough to bomb the Japanese mainland.
160,000 Allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of heavily-fortified French coastline to fight Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France and later march into Nazi occupied Europe.
Allied troops conquer Okinawa, the last island stop before the Japanese islands.
In 1936 Spain broke out in Civil war. The Fascists led by General Fransisco Franco fought from the North and West, and were supported by both Hitler and Mussolini, as well as Portugal; the Republicans - a coalition of Anarchists, socialists, and Republicans fought the fascists with volunteers from around the world (around 32-35,000 in the International Brigades), Anarcho-socialists (the trade Union CNT-FAI), socialists/communists (the POUM and UGT), as well as from nations such as Mexico and the USSR. The war was lost to the fascists because the USSR supported forces - during the war - arrested, imprisoned, and murdered many anarchists and 'trotskyist' soldiers and party members who didn't believe in Stalinism.
Notable International Brigade members:
Ireland, known traditionally its rebellious spirit and hatred of the English finally severs all ties with England (minus N. Ireland) and becomes a fully independent state.