Anti-Royalist demonstration at the Champ de Mars; National Guard kills fifty people.
Storming of the Tuileries Palace. Swiss Guard massacred. Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody, along with his family. Georges Danton becomes Minister of Justice.
: sans-culottes held insurrection against the convention demanding bread. They also wanted the Revolutionary Government itself to be abolished. The Convention rather than be bullied, called in the National Guard which dispersed the crowd but Paris itself was under siege. 26 Montagnard, 4000 Jacobins/Sans-culottes were arrested. Showed the desperation of the people.
It was a Jacobin popular revolt in Paris on 20 May 1795 against the Thermidorian National Convention, then presided over by François-Antoine de Boissy d'Anglas. It was provoked by poverty and hunger resulting from a large hike in prices due to the major depreciation of the assignats. 1 Prairial. The failure of the Germinal uprsing led directly to the last journee of the sans-culottes and changed the course of the revolution. People invades the Tuileries, protesting that they be heard. National Guard ended the protest in whcih 10000 people were exlied. 1700 stripped of thier civil rights. Lefebvre: "This date should mark the end of the Revolution; its mainspring had been broken.
The diamond necklace affair damages the already tarnished reputation of Marie-Antoinette
Outbreak of the Paris mob; Liberal monarchical constitution; the Women's March on Versailles
Leopold II issues the Padua Circular calling on the royal houses of Europe to come to his brother-in-law, Louis XVI's aid.
She is impeached and convicted for treachery against the country,and for incest with her child The Dauphin.
The ordinary French people think that the economic situation is stable.
Debt gets worse because of 20 years of war and corruption and lack of taxes from the rich meant the crown was receiving little money
Calonne’s publication of his proposals and the failure to compromise by the Notables leads to a public clash
Civil unrest in the Dutch Republic leads to its invasion by the Prussian army, and increases tensions in Paris. Brienne backs down with his legislative demands, settling for an extension of the vingtieme tax and the parlements were allowed to return to Paris.
After being informed that the royal treasury is empty, Brienne sets May 1st, 1789 as a date for the Estates General in an attempt to restore confidence with his creditors
Prompted by public controversy, Necker announces that the representation of the Third Estate will be doubled, and that nobles and clergymen will be able to stand for the same
The first Assembly of the Notables meets against a background of state financial instability and resistance from the nobility to the imposition of taxes
Louis dismisses the Parisian parlements to Troyes to avoid influence from the angry Parisians
Legislation passed at a lit de justice. Subsequently the parlement declares the registration was illegal. Supported by public opinion, it initiates criminal proceedings against the disgraced Calonne
The vocal opposition of the Duc d’Orleans leads to his arrest by the lettres de cachet
Civil unrest caused by poor harvests, rising bread prices, de Brienne’s proposal for a new tax to reduce Frances debt. Troops sent to deal with the unrest were attacked by large groups of people, throwing roof tiles.
Necker convenes a second Assembly of Notables to discuss the Estates General
The second Assembly of Notables is dismissed, having refused to consider doubling the representation of the Third Estate
in Paris, caused by low wages and food shortages, led to about 25 deaths by troops.
meets for the first time since 1614, voting to be done by state not head
of dismissed Estates-General members who refuse to adjourn,Third Estate/National Assembly are locked out of meeting houses; the Third Estate chooses to continue thinking King Louis XVI has locked them out and decides upon a declarative vow, known as the The Tennis Court Oath, not to dissolve until the constitution has been established
Camille Desmoulins gives a speech in the gardens of the Palais Royale, urging the citizens of Paris to take up arms.
Begins to meet calling themselves "communes"
Louis recognises the validity of the National Assembly, and orders the First and Second Estates to join the Third
Necker dismissed by Louis; populace sack the monasteries, ransack aristocrats' homes in search of food and weapons
Camille Desmoulins announces the dismissal of Necker to the Paris crowd. The Karl Eugen, Prince von Lothringen-Lambesc appears at the Tuilleries with an armed guard - a soldier and civilian are killed.
National Guard formed in Paris, of middle class men.
Necker recalled, troops pulled out of Paris
The beginning of the Great Fear, the peasantry revolt against feudalism and a number of urban disturbances and revolts. Many members of the aristocracy flee Paris to become émigrés. Louis XVI accepts the tricolor cockade.
Publication of Desmoulins' La France libre favouring a republic and arguing that revolutionary violence was justified.
Surrender of feudal rights: The August Decrees
The Assembly adopts The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
The National Assembly grants suspensive veto to Louis XVI; Louis fails to ratify the August acts of the National Assembly.
Louis XVI agrees to ratify the August Decrees, Palace of Versailles stormed.
King Louis and the National Assembly removed to Paris
Church property nationalised and otherwise expropriated
National Assembly distinguishes between 'active' (monied) and 'passive' (property-less) citizens - only the active could vote
Assignats are used as legal tender
Former Provinces of France replaced by new administrative Departments.
Nobility abolished by the National Assembly.
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy. Demands priests to take an oath of loyalty to the state, splitting the clergy between juring (oath-taking) and non-juring priests.
Day of Daggers; Lafayette orders the arrest of 400 armed aristocrats at the Tuileries Palace
Le Chapelier law banning trade unions is passed by National Assembly
Declaration of Pillnitz (Frederick William II and Leopold II)
Legislative Assembly meets - many young, inexperienced, radical deputies.
Brunswick Manifesto - warns that should the royal family be harmed by the popular movement, an "exemplary and eternally memorable revenge" will follow.
News of the Brunswick Manifesto reaches Paris - interpreted as proof that Louis XVI was collaborating with the foreign Coalition
Paris commune presents petition to the Legislative Assembly demanding the establishment of a revolutionary tribunal and summoning of a National Convention.
The September Massacres of prisoners in the Paris prisons
French Army stops advance of Coalition troops at Valmy.
(N.B.: calendar introduced in 1793).
Robespierre argues that "Louis must die, so that the country may live".
Slavery is abolished in France until 1802
fixing the prices of many goods and services
decree that the government must be "revolutionary until the peace"
; power becomes centralised on the Committee of Public Safety
and 6000 prisoners executed
National Convention, led by Robespierre, passes decree to establish the Cult of the Supreme Being
the Revolutionary Tribunal became a court of condemnation without the need for witnesses
Robespierre arrested, guillotined without trial, along with other members of the Committee of Public Safety. Commune of Paris abolished. End of the Reign of Terror. Also called The Thermidorian Reaction
removed Directors, left Sieyès as dominant figure in government
leadership of Napoleon established under the Consulate. French Revolution may be considered ended
compounded the debt situation.
Treaty of Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain on one side and the United States of America and its allies on the other. The success of the American colonists against a European power increases the ambitions of those wishing for reform in France.
The tricolor cockade made compulsory for men to wear. La Marseillaise sung by volunteers from Marseilles on their arrival in Paris.
Lafayette flees to Austria. Invasion of France by Coalition troops led by Duke of Brunswick