Industrial Revolution Inventions

Textile

Flying Shuttle, John Kay

1733

Enables weavers to weave faster

Water Frame, Richard Arkwright

1764

First powered textile machine

Spinning Jenny, James Hargreaves

1764

First machine to improve spinning wheel

Spinning Mule

1779

Enabled greater control over the weaving process

Power Loom, Edmund Cartwright

1785

A mechanized loom to weave cloth

Cotton Gin, Eli Whitney

1792

Machine automating separation of cottonseed from short-staple cotton fibre

Jacquard Loom, Joseph Jacquard

1804

Machine able to weave complex designs

Variable Speed Baton, William Hollocks

1813

Improved the power loom

Synthetic Dye, William Perkin

1856

The first of its kind

Power

Leyden Jar, E.G. Kleist

1745

The original capacitator that stores static electricity

Steam Engine, James Watt

1769

A heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its main fluid

Steel Roller, Henry Cort

1783

Enables effective steel production

Gas Turbine, John Barber

1791

Machine for fuel combustion

Battery, Alessandro Volta

1799

Converts chemical energy into electrical energy

Electric Light, Humphry Davy

1809

The first arc lamp

Electromagnet, William Sturgeon

1825

Improves electric current through the use of coils surrounding the electromagnet

Electric Dynamo, Michael Faraday

1831

A generator used to convert mechanical energy to electrical energy

Communication

Typewriter, W.A. Burt

1829

Enables words to be put on paper much faster than through writing

Telegraph, Samuel Morse

1837

Makes message transmission easier through an electrical connection

Transportation

Steamship, Jacques Perrier

1775

Improves ships by making use of the steam engine

Submarine, David Bushnell

1776

Innovation for undersea explorations

Steamboat, John Fitch

1786

A boat propelled by steam engine would cross rivers much more effectively than before

Steam Powered Locomotive, Richard Trevithick

1804

Increases train speed drastically by making use of steam engine as the main source of power

Manned Glider, George Cayley

1853

Designed to fly for a long period of time without using an engine