Mass Media

Main

The First Printing

618

618 to 906: T’ang Dynasty - the first printing is done in China using ink on carved wooden blocks begins to make multiple transfers of an image to paper.

Wooden Type

1300

1300: The first use of wooden type in China.

First Color Printing

1457

1457: First color printing by Fust and Schoeffer.

Dry point Engravings invented by Germans

1465

1465: Drypoint engravings invented by Germans.

Italic Type First Used

1501

1501: Italic type first used.

Cylinder Press Invented

1846

1846: Cylinder press invented by Richard Hoe. Cylinder press can print 8,000 sheets an hour

One Of the Eairliest Recordings

1860

1860: Unknown female vocalist, fragment of the French folksong “Au clair de la lune” recorded in France by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville on his experimental “phonautograph,” which could record but not play back sound.

Paper Mass Manafactured

1870

1870: Paper is now mass-manufactured from wood pulp.

The First Phone Developed

1876

1876: March 10th, The first telephone was developed by Alexander Graham Bell.

Germany student proposed the world's first mechanical television system.

1884

1884- Paul Nipkow an engineering student from Germany proposed the world's first mechanical television system.

First Motion Picture Camera

1889

1889: William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, commissioned by Thomas Alva Edison, builds the first motion-picture camera and names it the Kinetograph.

First Successful Recording by African American Recording Artist

1890

1890: George W. Johnson, first recordings by the first successful African American recording artist.

Printing Presses Increase In Speed

1891

1891: Printing presses can now print and fold 90,000 4-page papers an hour. Diazotype invented (print photographs on fabric).

4-Color Rotary Press Invented

1892

1892: 4-color rotary press invented.

The Radio

1893

1893: The radio has been the first device to allow for mass communication. It has enabled information to be transferred far and wide, not only nationally wide but internationally as well. The development of the radio began in 1893 with Nikolai Tesla’s demonstration of wireless radio communication in St. Louis, Missouri. His work laid the foundation for those later scientists who worked to perfect the radio we now use.

First Series Of Recorded Recreations

1894

1894: Len Spencer and the Imperial Minstrels, first series of recorded recreations of a contemporary minstrel show.

First Comic Book Made

1904

1904: The first comic book is made.

First Movie Theater Opens in Pittsburgh, Pensilvania

1905

1905: The first movie theater opens in Pittsburgh, Pensilvania

First Recordings Of Presidential Campaign Speeches

1908

1908: William Howard Taft, William Jennings Bryan, first recordings of campaign speeches by presidential candidates.

First Widely Popular Recordings Of Jazz

1917

1917: Original Dixieland Jazz Band, first widely-popular recordings of “jazz”.

First Collage Radio Station

1920

1920: first collage radio station on Oct. 14, 1920

AM Radio

1920

1920: First transmission of AM radio was sent out by station 8MK in Detroit, Michigan.

John Baird came up with an idea of using arrays of transparent rods

1920

1920- John Baird came up with an idea of using arrays of transparent rods to transmit images for television.

Invention of Radiovision

1923

1923- Charles Jenkins invented a mechanical television system called radiovision which transmitted the earliest moving silhouette images. Radiovisor was a mechanical scanning-drum device manufactured by the Jenkins Television Corporation.

First Recordings By the Great Composer/Bandleader

1924

1924: Duke Ellington, first recordings by the great composer/bandleader.

First Recordings By the Highly Popular Swing Band

1935

1935: Glenn Miller & His Orchestra, first recordings by the highly popular swing band.

Electric Telephone

1940

1940: Jan. 1st, The Western Electric Telephone were in almost every North American Home when they were released. It was very durable and simple to repair. This phone was commonly found in the color black, with only ten number keys.

First Recordings By the Folk Icon

1940

1940: Woody Guthrie, first recordings by the folk icon.

First Recordings By County Artist

1946

1946: Hank Williams, first recordings by the country icon.

First Video Game

1947

1947: In 1947 Thomas T. Goldsmith, Jr. and Este Ray Mann filed a United States patent request for an invention they described as a "cathode ray tube amusement device." (CRT) The gaming device was never marketed nor sold to the public. (AKA video game)

PSYCHO

1960

1960: Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho terrifies audiences and becomes one of the year's most successful films, as well as one of the most memorable psychological thrillers.

RED DESERT

1964

1964: Red Desert makes spectacular use of the recently perfected zoom lens, which increases the optical mobility of a shot and its expressive capacities.

Trim-Line Telephone

1965

1965: Jan. 1st, The Trim-line Telephone had a lighted dial and a thick, curved plastic casing. The phone had both a mouthpiece and earpiece, the dial was between these two things. This phone also had a plug and jack.

The Sound Of Music

1965

1965: The Sound of Music premieres. An instant hit, the film was one of the top-grossing films of and remains one of film's most popular musicals.

Movie Ratings

1968

1968: The motion picture rating system debuts with G, PG, R and X.

Video Game

1970

1970: Video gaming would not reach mainstream popularity until the 1970s.

Video games and the public

1980

1980: 1980s is when arcade video games, gaming consoles and home computer games were introduced to the general public.

DNS

1984

1984: Domain Name System (DNS) introduced To Internet

Official Patent of the Radio Awarded to Guglielmo Marconi

1986

1986: Guglielmo Marconi was awarded the official patent for the radio by the British Government in 1986.

25th anniversary of Internet

1994

1994: Internet celebrates 25th anniversary

Microsoft Windows 98

1998

1998: Microsoft releases Windows 98. Months later the government orders Microsoft to change its Java virtual machine to pass Sun's Java compatibility test.