This act was created to replace other smaller acts and to ensure that anybody responsible for an animal who is being mistreated will be punished. It is enforced by the RSPCA, DEFRA and local authorities. This act affects anybody who is responsible for the animal being mistreated, they must be over 16 years of age. Penalties include a fine of up to £20,000, a ban of keeping animals for life and imprisonment for up to 51 weeks. This act is still in use.