This law was created to replace many smaller acts and put them into one piece of legislation. The law affects anybody mistreating an animal in any way. Penalties can be a fine of up to £20,000, a ban of keeping animals for life or imprisonment for up to 51 weeks. This act has now been replaced with the Animal Welfare Act 2006.
Pet Animals Act 1951
This act is enforced to ensure animals that are kept and sold as pets have their basic needs met. It is enforced by local authorities. The law affects anybody who owns a pet shop, this means they must have a license and always meet the five welfare needs. Penalities include a fine of up to £20,000, imprisonment or a ban of keeping animals for life. This act is still in use.
Control of International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)
CITES is an agreement between governments worldwide to protect endangered species of flora and fauna and not put their survival at risk. It is enforced by the United Nations Environment Programme. It affects those who are trying to travel with an endangered species without a permit. It is still in use.
The Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976
This law was created because many people around this time wanted to keep wild animals as pets which became a risk to the animals' welfare as well as the publics. It is enforced by the local authority who have to provide a license to those keeping a wild animal as long as they are satisfied with the safety and conditions. Anybody who is found with an animal that is classed as wild and potentially dangerous will be fined. This act is still in use.
Dangerous Dogs Act 1991
This law was created due to the amount of dog attacks that were taking place at the time. It is enforced by the police and local authorities. This piece of legislation affects those who have a dangerously out of control dog in public and anybody who owns a banned breed. Penalties include: If an assistant dog is hurt or killed, the owner can face up to 3 years in prison. If a person is hurt, the owner can face up to 5 years in prison. If the person dies, the owner can face up to 14 years in prison. This law is still in use.
Animal Welfare Act 2006
This act was created to replace other smaller acts and to ensure that anybody responsible for an animal who is being mistreated will be punished. It is enforced by the RSPCA, DEFRA and local authorities. This act affects anybody who is responsible for the animal being mistreated, they must be over 16 years of age. Penalties include a fine of up to £20,000, a ban of keeping animals for life and imprisonment for up to 51 weeks. This act is still in use.