In the summer of 1821, Mexico allowed 300 U.S families to settle in San Antonio, Texas. One of the leading pioneers of this migration was Stephan Austin. Over the next decade, until the mid-1830s American settlers continued to flood into Texas. This would eventually lead to war.
Santa Anna Takes Conrol
General Santa Anna Lopez takes control of the Mexican government. Texicans did not enjoy Mexico's new ruler and this leads them to eventually revolt in 1836.
Texans Overwhelm Mexican Troops
In December of 1835 George Collinsworth and Benjamin Milam lead a group of Texan volunteers to overtake Mexican forces and the Alamo. This marks the start of Texas' war for independence from Mexico.
Volunteers Arrive at the Alamo
February 8, 1836
On February 8, 1836, volunteers arrive at the Alamo to help. Some of these volunteers included Jim Bowie, William B. Travis, and Davy Crockett.
Mexican Forces Arrive
February 23, 1836
On February 23, General Santa Anna arrived in San Antonio with 2,000 soldiers (not exact) preparing to attack. Texans forces retreated into the Alamo.
New Commander of Texan Forces
February 24, 1836
On February 24, 1836 William B. Travis gained full control of the Alamo. Prior to gaining his position, he was the commander of the enlisted forces.
February 25, 1836
The first engagement of the battle happened on February 25, 1836. Santa Anna and his forces attempted to take over several buildings, but Texans were able to defend them. James Fannin was alerted about the attack and lead a group of soldiers to help defend the Alamo.
February 27, 1836 - March 1, 1836
On February 24, 1836, Travis wrote a letter requesting more troops in order to win the battle, "Victory or Death." On February 27, Texas Rangers in Gonzales responded to the call and began to head out. Thirty-two men arrived at the Alamo on March 1.
February 28, 1836
On the sixth day of the battle, Santa Anna ordered Mexican forces to start an extensive artillery attack on the Alamo.
Prevention of Arriving Troops
February 29, 1836
On February 29, general Santa Anna heard word about the Texan reinforcements going towards the Alamo and he sent troops to try and deter them.
March 1, 1836
32 troops arrive to help defend the Alamo.
Gun Fire Continues
March 4, 1836
General Santa orders Mexican troops to continue fire against the Alamo.
Planning of Final Attack
March 5, 1836
Mexican forces began planning out their final attack on the Alamo that would later take place on March 6, at four p.m.
The Death of Davy Crockett
March 6, 1836
Davy Crockett died during battle on March 6. According to William Travis slave, Joe, Crockett died a hero, surrounded by enemies slain.
The Fall of the Alamo
March 6, 1836
Texans were able to defend the Alamo for thirteen days but at 8 a.m on March 6, the Alamo was overtaken by Mexican forces. There were between 182 and 257 Texan troops who lost their lives fighting for the Alamo. While there were 600 Mexican soldiers who were either killed or wounded in battle.
Texas Declares Independence from Mexico
April 21, 1836
Six weeks after the Battle of the Alamo, Texas received independence from Mexico.
The Treaties of Velasco
May 14, 1836
On May 14, 1836, The Treaties of Velasco was signed. These were two documents that were signed between General Santa Anna Lopez and the Republic of Texas. These documents said that hostility between the two territories would cease and Santa Anna would withdraw his forces below the Rio Grande. (Basically a peace treaty).
Texas Becomes U.S State
December 29, 1845
On December 29, 1845, Texas became an official U.S state. I chose to include this event in my timeline because the Battle of the Alamo was one of the stepping stones to Texas eventually becoming part of the United States.