Tennis player Althea Gibson defeats Darlene Hard to win the Wimbledon singles championship. Gibson is the first black person to win Wimbledon.
Martin Luther King gives his "I Have a Dream Speech."
August 28, 1963
Martin Luther King is the final speaker of the afternoon at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. He gives one of the most memorable speeches in American history when he talks about his dream of a country when blacks and whites are equal.
The Civil Rights Act is passed.
July 2, 1964
President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act. The Act says that it is illegal to discriminate against blacks and women in schools, businesses, government, and any other public place.
Thurgood Marshall joins the Supreme Court
President Lyndon Johnson names Thurgood Marshall to the Supreme Court. Marshall is the first black person to be a Supreme Court judge.
Martin Luther King is assassinated.
April 4, 1968
Martin Luther King is shot and killed at a motel in Memphis, Tennessee by James Earl Ray. King's birthday is now an American holiday, celebrated every year on the third Monday of January.
Oprah Winfrey gets a national TV show.
September 8, 1986
Oprah Winfrey becomes the first black woman to host a national TV show when The Oprah Winfrey Show goes on the air. She goes on to become one of the wealthiest people in the United States.
Barack Obama is elected president.
November 4, 2008
Illinois Senator Barack Obama defeats Arizona Senator John McCain in the presidential election, becoming the first black person to be president of the United States. He is re-elected on November 6, 2012