Chapter 7 & 8

Grace Brunner

Main

Clovis conquered Gaul

486

Pope Gregory I sent St. Augustine to England to convert Anglo-Saxons

597

Battle of Tours

732

Pope Leo III asked Charlemagne for help against nobles in Rome

799

Charlemagne becomes Emperor of the Romans

800

Louis I becomes Emperor of the Romans

814

Treaty of Verdun

834

Magyars settled in present-day Hungary

900

Duke Otto I became the king of Germany

936

Hugh Capet elected to fill French throne

987

Middle class established

1000

Vikings set up a colony in North America

1000

Philip IV moved papal court to Avignon

1039

Battle of Hastings

1066

Gregory VIII became Pope

1073

Henry IV was excommunicated by Pope Gregory VIII

1076

Christian warriors captured Toledo

1085

Council of Clermont

1095

Crusades begun

1096

Concordat of Worms

1122

Portugal established

1140

Henry II inherited the throne

1154

The archbishop of Henry II's church was murdered

1170

Philip II became king of France

1179

Jerusalem fell to Muslims

1187

Pope Innocent III becomes head of the church

1198

Constantinople captured by crusaders

1204

King John lost a war with Philip II and gave up possession of Anjou & Normandy

1205

Innocent launched a holy war against the Albejensians

1209

Magna Carta

1215

Louis IX became king of France

1223

Marco Polo set out for China

1271

Muslims captured Acre

1291

King Edward I summoned parliament to approve money for his French wars

1295

Philip III challenged Pope Boniface VIII on clergy taxing

1296

Most Western European peasants were either tenant farmers of hired farm laborers

1300

Philip IV set up Estates General

1302

Spain was established as a unified state

1469

Granada fell

1492