Romantic Era

Main

"Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" is published

1751

Author: Thomas Gray
*Published anonymously

Benjamin Franklin proves that lightening is electricity

1752

First U.S. hospital opens

1752

January 1 is celebrated as New Year's Day for the first time

1753

Celebrated by Britain and its colonies

Seven Year's War

1754 - 1763

_Reliques of Ancient English Poetry_ is published

1765

Author: Bishop Percy

_The Castle of Otranto_ is published

1765

Author: Horace Walpole
*First gothic novel

Modern high-pressure steam engine is invented

1769

James Watt

First water-powered cotton mill is built

1771

Sir Richard Arkwright

_The Wealth of Nations_ is published

1776

Author: Adam Smith

American colonists declare independence

1776

British surrender at Yorktown

1781

End of American Revolution

_Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect_ is published

1786

Author: Robert Burns

_Vathek_ is published

1786

Author: William Beckford

British establish first colony in Australia

1788

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

_A Vindication of the Rights of Woman_ is published

1792

Author: Mary Wollstonecraft

Cotton gin is invented

1793

Eli Whitney

King Louis XVI executed

1793

_The Mysteries of Udolpho_ is published

1794

Author: Ann Radcliffe

_Songs of Innocence and Experience_ is published

1794

Author: William Blake

Haitian revolts against France and Spain

1794

led by Toussaint L'Ouverture

_An Essay on the Principe of Population_ is Published

1798

Author: Thomas Malthus

_Lyrical Ballads_ is published

1798

Authors: William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge

William Wordsworth begins _The Prelude_

1799

Napoleonic Wars

1803 - 1815

Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed emperor of France

1804

British defeat Napoleon's naval forces

1805

British outlaw slave trade

1807

Mexican revolt against Spain

1810

led by Father Hidalgo

_Children's and Household Tales_ is published

1812

Authors: Grimm brothers

War between the United States and Great Britain

June 18, 1812 - February 18, 1815

_Pride and Prejudice_ is published

1813

Author: Jane Austen

_Waverley_ is published

1814

Author: Sir Walter Scott
*First historical novel

Congress of Vienna meets

1814 - 1815

First steam locomotive

1814

Designed by George Stephenson

_Emma_ is published

1815

Author: Jane Austen

_Biographia Literaria_ is published

1817

Author: Samuel Taylor Coleridge

_Childe Harold's Pilgrimage_ is published

1818

Author: Lord Byron (George Gordon)

_Endymion_ is Published

1818

Author: John Keats

_Frankenstein_ is published

1818

Author: Mary Shelley
*First science fiction novel

Venezuelan revolt against Spain

1819

led by Simon Bolivar

Peterloo Massacre

1819

_Prometheus Unbound_ is published

1820

Author: Percy Bysshe Shelley

Greece revolts against Turkey and declares independence

1821

_Don Juan_ is Published

1824

Author: Lord Byron (George Gordon)

England purchases Singapore and Malaya

1824

First public railway line opens in Britain

1830

France occupies Algeria

1830