20th Century Baltic History

Main

WWI

1914 - 1918

Russian Revolution

1917

Treaty of Versailles

1918

Mussolini and fascists take over Italy

1922

Hitler takes office

1933

WWII

1939 - 1945

Stalin dies

1953

Khrushchev comes into power

1955

Krushchev's secret speech, widespread amnesties

1955

Brezhnev comes into power

1964

Helsinki accord

1975

Gorbachev comes into power

1985

Chernobyl

1986

Gorbachev policies change to freedom of speech

1988

Baltic states admitted to United Nations

1991

Dissolution of USSR. Soviet army becomes Russia's army.

1991

Building of European Union

1993

Sweden, Finland, Austria join European Union

1995

Euro created

1999

Poland, Hungary, Czech join NATO

1999

10 Countries Join European Union

2004

Several countries join European Union

2007

Economic Crash

2007 - 2008

Baltic History

October Manifesto and Mass Executions

1905

Two Congresses in Latvia

1905

Baltic countries declare independence

1918

Countries create identities

1920 - 1930

Baltics join League of Nations

1921

Lithuania has military coup

1926

Industries recover

1930 - 1939

Estonia and Latvia receive authoritarian regimes

1934

Soviets force Mutual Assistance Pact

1939

Nazi-Soviet non-agression pact signed

1939

Hitler forces Lithuania to cede Kaipeda

1939

Soviet troops move in, demand dismissal of acting governments

1940

Mass deportations to USSR

1941

Germans/Nazis move in

1941

Mass murder of Jewish populations

1941 - 1944

Germany drafts people

1942 - 1943

Soviet troops move back in

1944

Partisan Warfare

1945

Collectivization and deportation

1948 - 1949

Latvia purge

1958

100th anniversary Estonian music festival

1969

Environmental protests and Latvian Phase

1987

Lithuanian Phase

1988

Lithuania pushes for independence

1989

Baltic Way

1989

Lithuania Elections, USSR holds embargo on Lithuania

1990

January 12-13 Soviet Tanks come in, 15 people killed in Lithuania

1991

First elections in Baltics, Parliaments set up

1992 - 1993

Partnership for Peace

1994

"Chapters" free movement with European Union

1998

MAP is complete, Baltics join NATO

2002

Free Trade between Baltic and European Union

2002

Ceremony for joining NATO

2004

Estonia starts using Euro

2011

Latvia will use the Euro

2014

Individual Histories

President Ulmanis formed the Aizsargi Civil Defense Force

1919

Ekstein's grandfather Vajeiks purchased land to farm

1924

Smetona becomes dictator in Lithuania

1926

Landsbergis' brother arrested by the Gestapo, father searches for him

1944

Ekstein’s family sponsored by Baptist Union of Western Canada

1948

Landsbergis father on TV

1973

Landsbergis becomes head of Sajudis

1988

Eksteins family in Europe

1988 - 1989

Senn is in Lithuania

1990

Landsbergis becomes President of Lithuania

1991

Guntis Smidchens in Lithuania

1991

Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga gives speech

1994

Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga gives speech

1997

Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga becomes President of Latvia

1999

Ilves Speech

2013

Family History

Grandpa Ted fights in 100st Airborne

1940 - 1945

Grandpa Tom serves in Clean up Crew

1940 - 1945

Grandpa Ted steals Hitlers silverware

1945

Dad born

1967

Mariah born

1991

Grandpa Ted dies

1997

Grandpa Tom dies

2010

Mariah learns about Baltics

2013