Aisa and Africa Timeline

Africa

The major deserts in Africa are the Namib Desert, Kalahari Desert, Sahara Desert and Libyan Desert. The importance of the tsetse fly was they carried disease that are deadly to live stock, nad they gave people deadly sleeping illneses. The importance of the griots were they were the story tellers who would pass down the stories from different generations. Lots of th african leaders in the 11th centry adopted the islamic religion. for the soninke people in Ghana the two most important trade items were gold and salt.

Nok Culture

500 BC - 200 AD

Was in Nigeria between the Niger and The Benue River. They were know for there great use of iron.

Bantu Culture

100 AD - 1500 AD

The south was the region that was covered with these migrants. There farming technique was the slash and burn. the technology that they brought with them was iron work.

Kingdom of Aksum

100 AD - 940 AD

The kingdom is in south Kush on a plateau on the red, which is now Eritrea and Ethiopia. The Aksum made its livinf off of salts, rinocero's horns, tortoise shelles, ivory, emerald, and gold. This was het only Acient African kingdom to develop a writen language. The decline of the Aksum was they were over taken by islams, after their prophet Muhammad died in 632 AD.

Hausa City States

1000 AD - 1400 AD

These people lived in the Savannaa area east of the Mali and Songai. There political organization was city-states with a ruler at every state with walls around them. There main trade items were captives/slaves.

Great Zimbabwe

1000 AD - 1450 AD

It was in the south eastern Africa. It was abondend, and no one knows what happened to them.

Yoruba Kingdom

1100 AD - 1600 AD

They were in the forests on the southern edge of the Savanna in what is today Benin and south western Nigeria. The yoruba kings were concidered to be devine, nd a big relighious and political power. The two largest kings were Ife and Oyo.

Mali Empire

1235 AD - 1400 AD

The Mali Empire was in south of Ghama. Mansa musa was good, he was a ruler who was Muslism, he gave away enormous amounts of god, nad he bulit new moaques.

Mutapa Empire

1430 AD - 1760 AD

Was an empire in East Africa and they were taken over by the portuguese.

Benin

1440 - 1897

The Oba was there ruler. the siginificance of portuguese trade in Benin's port at Gwatto was they enslaved grocons and seized territory for colonises.

Songhai

1468 AD - 1592 AD

These people were in the Niger River near Gao. The notable leaders were Sunni Ali, Who bulit a vast empire by militarty conquest, also another great leader was Askia Muhammad whe set up an efficient tax system and chose able officers.

China

Han China

202 bc - 220 ad

1) Centeralized government, loweered taxes, beleived the Emperor had divine power, peasents owed a months worth of labor, Marital Emperor, confuscism
2)Had a buracracy by testing peoples knowledge of confusicism
3)fell because of economic imbalences, politica; intriges, and social unrest

Over 30 diifferent loocal dynasties

200 ad - 589 ad

Sui Dynasty

581 ad - 618 ad

the greatest accomplishment was the Grand Canal

Tang Dynasty

618 ad - 907 ad

they made a very intelligent ruling class because the exam to be in the bureaucracy was extrenely tough
2) they fell because of very high txes, struggled to keep control of their empire, rebel groups killed emperor and burned the capital

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

in chia but smaller than tang or han dynasty
2) made moveable type and gunpowder
3)gentry-scholor officails; urban middle class; peasents

Mongol China

1206 - 1370

pax mongolia- travelers guarenteed safe passage from one end of the empire to the other; mongolian peace
yaun dynasty
-foriegn trade increased
-paved highway
-restored grand canal

Ming Dyansy

1364 - 1644

1) didnt want outsiders to threaten their peace and prosperity
2)Zheng he was a chisnese explorer who made all 7 voyages
3)couldnt conduct foriegn trade but there was alot of smuggling

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912

1)Manchus invaded china and the ming dynasty collapsed
2)to trade with them you had t abid by there laws while in china
3)the opium tea connection was used to get the chinese to buy stuff in large amounts
5)opium was between britian and china; britian lost
5)the taping rebellion was when internal and external fighting brought them down
6)Cixi she updated education system, dipolmatic services, and military
7)sphere of influenceis were foriegn nations controlled trade and investment
8) chinas open door policy was that its doors be open to all countries for trade

5)

Japan

1) the central govt fadded intofuedilism landowners made armies and land owners treaded land for protection
2) their religon was shintoism
3)buddism wzas brought to japan

Hein period

794 - 1185

1) the capital was heian
2)minanto
3) samurai were loyal warriors and bushido was the code behavior

Kamakura Shogun

1192 - 1333

1) shogun is the supreme general of the emperors army
2) it drained the treasurey

Tokugawa Shounate

1600 - 1868

1)Daimyo is a feudalistic lord
2) was like European Fuedalism; had casles and armies which caused disorder
3) portugal had early contact with japan
4) they created a closed country policy
5)mattew perry took 4 ships to japan and scared them with the cannons and such and they knew that they had to receive the letter from the president

Meji Period

1868 - 1912

1)the best way to resist was to modernize
2) they liked the german government and army britians navey and america's public education
3) they try to expand to korea

Europe

Greece

500 BC - 323 BC

Roman Empire

27 BC - 476 AD

Middle Ages

500 AD - 1450 AD

Rise of Islam & Islamic Empires

630 AD - 1100 AD

Renaissance

1400 AD - 1600 AD

Age of Exploration

1450 AD - 1600 AD

Reformation

1517 AD - 1600 AD

Scientific Revolution / Enlightenment

1550 AD - 1800 AD

Absolutism

1600 AD - 1750 AD

Industrialism

1700 - 1850

French Revolution

1789 AD - 1815 AD

Reaction & Romanticism

1815 - 1850

Nationalism

1848 - 1900