The first practical steam engine is invented by Thomas Newcomen. Steam would become an important source of power for the Industrial Revolution.
James Hargreaves invents the spinning jenny allowing a worker to produce multiple spools of thread at the same time.
The spinning mule is invented by Samuel Crompton.
James Watt patents an improved steam engine making it useful as a power source in factories and other applications such as steam boats and trains.
Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin greatly increasing the productivity of processing cotton.
The Industrial Revolution spreads to the United States when Samuel Slater opens the first textile mill in Rhode Island.
Robert Fulton starts the first successful steamboat operation with his boat the Clermont.
The Erie Canal is completed opening a water route from the Great Lakes to New York City and the Atlantic Ocean.
The mechanical reaper is invented by Cyrus McCormick.
A blacksmith named John Deere invents the steel plow.