TImeline - 1450-1750 (Early Modern)


Zheng He

1371 - 1433

Chinese court eunuch, mariner, and explorer who became China's most reknown maritime explorer.

Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Portugese prince that funded a large number of voyages that led to the age of exploration.


1398 - 1468

Created the printing press with movable type.

Mehmed II

1432 - 1481

Ottoman sultan that conquered Constantinople.

Bartolomeo Dias

1451 - 1500

Rounded the southern tip of Africa which allowed increased trade with India and other Asian powers.

Christopher Columbus

1452 - 1506

Spanish explorer that went on the first voyage to the New World in 1492.

Vasco de Gama

1460 - 1524

Discovered and ocean route from Portugal to the East.

Sunni Ali

1462 - 1492

West African monarch who expanded a small kingdom into one of Africa's greatest empires.


1466 - 1520

Last Aztec emperor in Mexico who was overthrown by Cortes.


1469 - 1527

Statesman of Florence that pushed for a strong central government.


1473 - 1543

Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center.

Vasco De Balboa

1475 - 1519

Spanish conquistador and explorer that helped establish the first stable settlement on the South American continent.


1475 - 1541

Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incas and founded the city of Lima.

Ferdinand Magellan

1480 - 1521

First person to sail around the world. He died before the voyage finished but had initially led it.

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

German theologian who led the Protestant Reformation.


1485 - 1547

Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico. Is also featured on Deadliest Warrior, which is also a notable achievement.

Shah Ismail

1487 - 1524

Founder of the Safavid Empire.


1491 - 1556

SPaniard and Roman Catholic theologian who founded the Society of Jesus.


1494 - 1566

Suleyman the Magnificent is regarded as the perfect Islamic ruler in Islamic hisitory.


1497 - 1533

Last king of the Inca that was wiped out by Spanish conquistadors.

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

Swiss theologian who created Calvanism.


1542 - 1605

Greatest Mughal emperor who extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. Adopted policies that benefitted non-Muslim portions of his empire's population.


1543 - 1616

Founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa Shogunate in Japan.


1564 - 1642

Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use atelescope to study the stars.

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

Philosopher and author of Leviathan.


1632 - 1704

English philosopher who believed that all knowlewdge is from sensory experience.


1654 - 1722

Chinese emperor who ascended to the throne at the age of 8. He silenced a revolt and signed the treaty of Nerchinsk.

Peter/Catherine the Great

1672 - 1796

Peter tried to westernize Russia while Catherine increased the power of Russia through diplomacy and expantion.

Louis XIV

1683 - 1715

Monarch of the House of Bourbon, Louis was also known as the Sun King. He reigned for 72 years.


1694 - 1778

French writer who was the shape of the Enlightenment.


1711 - 1799

Under his reign marked the most prosperous period of the Qing Dynasty.


1712 - 1778

Geneven philosopher, writer, and composer.

Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

Enlightenment philosopher.



962 - 1806

The Holy Roman Empire was located in Central Europe and had acted against the Protestant Reformation.


1375 - 1591

One of the largest Islamic empires in history.


1428 - 1521

Prosporous empire in the Mesoamericas that was wiped out by Spanish conquistadors.


1438 - 1533

South American empire that was wiped out by diseases and conquistadors. Inspiration for the disney hit "Emperor's New Groove", which, sadly, wasn't a Star Wars sequel.


1492 - 1975

A parliamentary monarchy in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula.


1498 - 1825

The first global empire. Became a trading post empire.


1534 - 1803

Monarchy empire that competed with other colonial empires for fur.


1583 - 1815

Created the most powerful sea empire along with an elite navy.


1721 - 1917

One of the largest empires in world history.