The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed on March 3rd of 1918 in this it stated that Russia had to acknowledge the independence of the following countries: Ukraine, Finland. They then had to give up the following to Germany and A-H: Poland, and the Baltic States of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia and gave up Kars, Ardahan and Batum to Turkey. They lost around 1 million square miles of land and close to 1/3 of its entire population. Russia also lost a lot of resources in coal and iron. This treaty destroyed Russia.