First Messenian War begins. This is a war between Sparta and Messenia that will last many years.
Homer begins to write the Iliad and Odyssey. These epic poems become two of the most famous literary works in Greek literature.
The Greeks fight the Persians in the Greek/Persian Wars. Two famous battles are the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC and the Battle of Salamis in 480 BC. The Greeks win and the Persians retreat.
The wars between Sparta and Athens begin. They are called the Peloponnesian Wars. The wars will last 27 years with Sparta eventually conquering Athens in 404 BC.
The famous Greek philosopher Socrates is put to death for corrupting the youth of Athens with his teachings.
Greek philosopher and student of Socrates, Plato, founds the first institution of higher learning in the western world. It's called the Academy
The great philosopher, scientist, and mathematician, Aristotle, begins to tutor Alexander (later to be called Alexander the Great).
Alexander the Great becomes king when his father, Philip of Macedon is assassinated.
The Hellenistic period begins when Alexander the Great dies. The Ancient Greek civilization begins its decline and the Ancient Romans start to gain power
Rome conquers Greece