This was an uprising that was greatly responsible for convincing Tsar Nicholas II to create a constitution and to establish an elected legislature. This revolution started in St. Petersberg and spread throughout big industrial cities and to Poland, Finland, the Baltic provinces, and Georgia.
Tsar Nicholas II takes command of army
In St.Petersberg Tsar Nicolas II relieved the Grand Duke and took his place in command of the army. He then took the army to Mogilev. Nicolas II did this with no previous military experience. Because of this, the ruling council was not in support of his actions.
In Petrograd 90,000 people took to the streets to protest. They had lost trust in the government. This resulted in Tsar Nicholas II to renouncing the throne for his son and himself. His brother refused to take the throne and this led to the end of the the reign of the Tsars.
This was a military operation in Galicia organized by Alexandr Kerensky. It was meant to rally Russians behind the Provisional Government and force those being hostile to make peace. This was a failed mission. It resulted in a new commander in chief being appointed who later organized a conservative military force.
October/November Revolution in Russia
In Petrograd the Bolsheviks took control of the entire capital city besides the Winter Palace. The Bolsheviks broke into the palace arrested the ministers, ending the Provisional Government.
Allied Intervention in the Russian Civil War
1918 - 1919
Allies provided the Whites with troops throughout Russia. This was because they were afraid that Germany would gain too much power. Overall, this ended up being a waste of resources for the Allies and the helped the Russians little.
Russian Civil War
1918 - 1920
During the war the the political system of the “Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic” emerged. The Reds supported the knew Bolshevik government while the whites fought against it. This occurred all throughout Russia.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
This was a treaty signed by Russia with the Central Powers to end their participation in WWI. The meeting was held in Brest-Litovsk. This caused Russia to acknowledge the independence of Ukraine, Georgia, and FInland.
Vladmir Lenin proposed a new policy that would put capitalism in place for a short amount of time just to help Russia become more financially stable. This policy was to last just until economically, Russia could adopt socialism. This led to the initiation of forced labor policies and rising unemployment rates.
Establishment of Soviet Union
Russia, Ukraine, Belorussia, and the Transcaucasian Federation joined to form the Soviet Union. This union grew to be one one of the largest and most successful unions, eventually having 15 republics within it.