First advocacy group for children with disabilities and one of the largest groups advocating for special education
National Association for Retarded Citizens
NARC was founded by 23 advocacy groups with common goals
Brown V. Board of Education
May 17, 1954
Overturned Plessy V. Ferguson by showing separate was not equal. Though the case was about racial discrimination, it encouraged special education advocacy groups.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
Protects individuals from discrimination based on disabilities. The 504 sit-ins in San Francisco's federal building were to push for regulations to section 504 and were supported by the Black Panthers.
Guaranteed appropriate public education to each child with a disability.
Board of Education of HHCD V Rowley
June 28, 1982
Case that resulted in the Rowley 2-part test in determining whether a FAPE is being met
Americans with Disabilities Act
July 26, 1990
Promises that People with disabilities will enjoy the same rights others do.
October 30, 1990
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Uses 6 pillars: FAPE, LRE, IEP, evaluation, parent/student participation, and procedural safeguards.
No Child Left Behind
January 8, 2002
Signed into law by George W. Bush. It stated that all children should be proficient in math and reading by 2014
December 3 2004
IDEA was reauthorized and updated with changes to IEP, due process, and student discipline.