Kaleb Perez AP Timeline




Zheng He

1371 - 1433

A Chinese explorer who traveled much of the Asian countries.

Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Helpful to the Portuguese empire because he had traveled and learned the ways of the Saharan and Maritime trade routes.


1398 - 1469

Fifth Aztec Emperor.


1400 - 1468

He was known for his printing which was helpful to Martin Luther.

Mehmed II

1432 - 1481

He took the Ottoman land from a state to an empire.

Christopher Columbus

1451 - 1506

Known for discovering the Americas for the Europeans

Bartolomeu Dias

1451 - 1500

A sailer who was noted with finding the Cape of Good Hope on his return journey to Portugal

Sunni Ali

1464 - 1492

Led the Songhay Empire and eventually divided it into 3 territories.

Niccolo Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

A Florentine republic official who comedically was able to slander the church and its styles.


1471 - 1541

Spanish conquistador that took over the Incas.


1473 - 1543

Posing the idea of a heliocentric universe instead of a geocentric.

Vasco de Balboa

1475 - 1519

First Permanent European settlement on Panama was made by him, he also sailed the Pacific

Ferdinand Magellan

1480 - 1521

Died in the Phillipines. He was credited with being the first to sail around the world, however his crew did while he was killed.

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

A reformer of the Catholic Church who believed that the key to salvation was faith and faith alone.


1485 - 1547

Took over the Aztecs.

Shah Ismail

1487 - 1524

Founder of Safavid Empire.


1494 - 1566

Longest reigning emperor/Sultan of the Ottoman empire.


1497 - 1533

The last Incan Emperor who was used by the Spanish to control the Incans.

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

A man that had believed in predestination and had started his own religion (Calvinism).


1542 - 1605

Third Mughal Emperor.

Tokugawa Ieyasu

1543 - 1616

Founder and First Shogun of the Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan.

Matteo Ricci

1552 - 1610

One of the creators of the Jesuit society.

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

A mathematician and scientist who discovered Jupiter's four moons and improved the telescope.

Louis XIV

1638 - 1715

Monarch in the House of Bourbon.


1654 - 1722

Fourth emperor of the Qing Dynasty.

Peter the Great

1672 - 1725

Known for bringing westernization to the Russian lands.


1694 - 1778

An absolute monarchy, he believed in the freedom of speech and religion. "Although I do not agree with what you say, I will fight till the end of my life for you to say it."


1711 - 1799

Sixth emperor of the Qing Dynasty.


Portuguese Empire

1139 - 1808

The Portuguese settled in Brazil of the South Americas, where they had a trading post style settlement.

French Empire

1340 - 1763

Spanish Empire

1402 - 1975

Roman Catholic and Monarchy style of rule.

Ottoman Empire

1453 - 1922

A very cosmopolitan area and was dominant on the trade networds.

English Empire

1497 - 1982

The British, also known for being dominant in wars and naval battles in their Man-o-wars.

Must Know

Constantinople Falls


The Ottomans capture Constantinople.

Dias rounds Cape of Good Hope


Columbus (Reconquista of Spain)


Martin Luther


Martin Luther writes and prints his 95 theses.

First Slaves to Americas


Enough Said

Cortez defeats the Aztecs


Pizzaro takes over the Incas


Battle of Lepanto


The defeat of the Ottoman navy.

Battle of Sekigahara


Unification of Japan

The Foundation of Jamestown


30 Years War

1618 - 1648

A fight between the Catholics and Protestants.

The creation and enforcing of English Bill of Rights



Forbidden City

1368 - 1644

Chinese Imperial dynasty in the Ming Dynasty. Believed to be the palace of the Heavens.

Columbian Exchange

1450 - 1750

Started after the Columbus Expedition, it helped the spread of religion, goods, spices, and cultures.

Treaty of Tordesillas


Divided the world between Spain and Portugal

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

People were against the styles of Catholicism and wanted to break away to change ideas such as the power of the pope and the indulgences.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Attempted to end the feud between Catholics and Protestants.

Catholic (counter) Reformation

1545 - 1648

Catholic Church changing its ways, like the indulgence system and the education of clergy.

East India Company

1600 - 1857

A company known for its maritime delivery.



This was when the Church was questioned by reasoning and led to cracks in the church.

7 Years War

1754 - 1762

This was a war mainly fought between French and British powers.