APWH Timeline-1450-1750 (Early Modern)

People

Zheng He

1371 - 1433

-Chinese admiral
-maritime voyager
-With the support of Emperor Yongle Zheng he led seven maritime voyages

Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

-Portuguese explorer
-1418; school of navigation

Johannes Gutenberg

1398 - 1468

revolutionized the distribution of knowledge; he created the printing press

Mehmed II

1432 - 1481

-Mehmet the Conqueror
-conquered Constantinople 1453

Bartolomeu Dias

1450 - 1500
  • discovered the Cape of Good Hope; Southern tip of Africa
  • Portuguese navigator

Christopher Columbus

1451 - 1506

-Italian navigator; discovery of the "new world"
- sailed for the country of Spain

Vasco da Gama

1460 - 1524

-Portuguese navigator/explorer
-established trade relations between India + Portugal

Sunni Ali

1464 - 1492

Songhai

Montezuma

1466 - 1520

-aztec ruler

Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

-lived in Florence during the Renaissance
- Italian philosopher

Nicolaus Copernicus

1473 - 1543

-(1543)suggested that the sun was the center of the universe
- the earth was just another planet

Pizarro

1474 - 1541

-Explorer/ Spanish conquistador
-conqueror of the Incan Empire

Ferdinand Magellan

1480 - 1521

-circumnavigation of the world
-portuguese explorer

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546
  • 95 theses; attacked the sale of indulgences(1517)
  • Protestant reformation
  • argument reproduced by the printing press; could not recant

Herman Cortes

1485 - 1547

-Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs

Ignatius Loyola

1491 - 1556
  • founder of The society of Jesuits (1540)

Atuhualpa

1502 - 1533
  • last ruler of the incan empire

Suleyman

1520 - 1566
  • Ottoman sultan -expanded the Ottoman empire

Tokugawa Ieyasu

1542 - 1616

-Japanese Shogun
-expanded his territory; established central gov't

Matteo Ricci

1552 - 1610
  • Italian Jesuit missionary; in China

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

-used telescope to see the solar system
- Starry messenger; recants due to questionings of the teachings of the Catholic church

Hobbes

1588 - 1679

philosophe; social contract, right to absolute monarch

John Locke

1632 - 1704

philosopher; all human knowledge comes from sense of perceptions

Louis XIV

1643 - 1714
  • The Sun King; french -absolute monarch
  • large standing army -promoted economic development

Kangxi

1652 - 1722

-Chinese emperor
-Longest reign in Chinese history

Peter the great

1672 - 1725

Westernization of Russia

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

french philosopher
-prolific writer often used satire with writings
- religious liberty and individual freedom

Rousseu

1712 - 1778

one of the french philosophers of the enlightenment

Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

enlightenment; laws of supply and demand determine price

Catherine The Great

1729 - 1796

longest ruling female leader of Russia

Gov't/Empires

Aztecs

1218 - 1518

-Montezuma
-established; lake texacoco
- Tenochtitlan
-tributary empire

Ottoman Empire

1301 - 1922

-gunpowder empire
- reached peak under Suleyman the Magnificent
-islamic

Ming

1368 - 1644

succeeded the yuan dynasty
Expansion of Chinese commerce

Incan Empire

1438 - 1533

-complex bureaucracy
- conquered people were assimilated into incan culture

Songhay

1464 - 1492

Sunni; Sonni Ali
- encompassed more territory then it could control this lead to its downfall
- west africa

Safavids

1501 - 1722

shia islam; all other forms of islam were supressed
- Shah Ismail

Qing

1644 - 1912

Manchurian rule
final imperial dynasty of China

Events

Must Know Dates

Ottomans capture Constantinople

1453

Dias rounded Cape of Good Hope

1488

Columbus/ Reconquista of Spain

1492

1st slaves to the americas

1502

Martin Luther 95 theses

1517

Cortes Conquers the Aztecs

1521

Pizarro Toppled the Inca

1533

Defeat of Ottoman Navy

1571

Defeat of the Spanish armada by the British

1588

Unification of Japan- beginning of Tokugawa rule

1600

Foundation of Jamestown

1607

Thirty Years' War

1618 - 1648

the peace of Westphalia ends it

Unsuccessful Ottoman seige of Vienna

1683

Glorious Revolution/ English Bill of Rights

1689