Invented by James Watt, the steam engine was one of the most influential inventions of the Industrial Revolution. Before this invention, power came from either horse, wind, man or water, meaning the steam engine led to mass urbanization.
The Seven Years' War
1756 - 1763
The Seven Years' War led to a massive social, economic and political downfall between Britain and it's colonies, leaving Britain in nearly double its national debt.
American War of Independence
April 19, 1775 - September 3, 1783
The period after the American War of Independence was a time of many social, political and economic changes. A democracy was set up for slavery and the rights of woman.
The French Revolution
May 5, 1789 - November 9, 1799
The social and political structure of France was completely changed by the French Revolution. The French Revolution also led to the downfall of the French Monarchy, the churches loss of political power, feudalism, the spread of Liberalism and the rise of Modern Nationalism.
The Potato Famine - Ireland
September 13, 1845 - 1849
The Irish Potato Famine shaped Ireland society for decades, increasing tensions between Catholic and Protestants and Ireland and Britain. The Famine led to a humanitarian crisis and mass starvation within Ireland.
The Australian Gold Rush
May, 1851 - 1914
Before gold was discovered in Australia, Australia was just a lawless prison colony, due to the gold rush Australia's population increase along with massive social and cultural developments and a democratic government.
January 1, 1863
Due to the Emancipation Proclamation laws against slavery became a union goal, it became a very popular opinion for foreigners, gaining the support of many European countries.
First Telephone was Tested
March 10, 1876
Invented by Alexander Graham Bell, the first telephone broadened the concept of communication for the whole of society.
Queen Victoria was Proclaimed the Empress of India
May 1, 1876
The conservative Prime Minister of Britain at the time, Benjamin Disraeli, proclaimed Queen Victoria as the Empress of India, this was a gesture to further link the monarchy with the empire, binding India more closely with Britain.
The First World War
July 28, 1914 - November 11, 1918
WWI led to massive advancements in technologies, communication, transportation, political engagement increased and the role of women changed.